23 SES 01 B, Policies and Practices of Performativity and Assessment (Part 1)
Paper Session to be continued in 23 SES 02 B
According to their “normative self-definition” (Solga, 2005), all Western democratic societies are “meritocracies”. This means that the allocation of individual life chances is supposed to follow “merit”. Since “merit” is a latent trait, it has to be operationalized; this is most commonly done in the form of educational certificates based on various forms of assessment (Deutsch, 1979). This means that educational assessment has a key role in the allocation of individual life chances.
What is considered legitimate in how meritocracy actually operates differs between different contexts and between different (groups of) actors (cf. Waldow, 2014). The presentation takes a comparative look at Swedish and German teachers’ and pupils’ views on the meritocratic allocation of life chances through assessment. Teachers and pupils are the two groups of actors that are most closely involved with this allocation process, at least in education systems in which assessment lies mostly in teachers’ hands, such as in Sweden and Germany. Their views on this process are therefore particularly interesting for understanding the normative make-up of societies subscribing to the “meritocratic” myth.
Deutsch, M. (1979). Education and distributive justice - some reflections on grading systems. American Psychologist, 34(5), 391-401. Solga, H. (2005). Meritokratie - die moderne Legitimation ungleicher Bildungschancen. In P. A. Berger & H. Kahlert (Eds.), Institutionalisierte Ungleichheiten: Wie das Bildungswesen Chancen blockiert (pp. 19-38). Weinheim: Juventa. Strauss, A. L., & Corbin, J. M. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage Publications. Waldow, F. (2014). Conceptions of justice in the examination systems of England, Germany and Sweden: A look at safeguards of fair procedure and possibilities of appeal. Comparative Education Review, 58(2), 322-343. Wimmer, A., & Glick Schiller, N. (2002). Methodological nationalism and beyond: nationstate building, migration and the social sciences. Global Networks: A Journal of Transnational Affairs, 2(4), 301-334. doi:10.1111/1471-0374.00043
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
The programme is updated regularly (each day in the morning)
- Search for keywords and phrases in "Text Search"
- Restrict in which part of the abstracts to search in "Where to search"
- Search for authors and in the respective field.
- For planning your conference attendance you may want to use the conference app, which will be issued some weeks before the conference
- If you are a session chair, best look up your chairing duties in the conference system (Conftool) or the app.