28 SES 11 B, Paper Session
Canada is the only member nation of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation Development (OECD) that does not have a national department of education. Education is the responsibility of its ten provinces and three territories, and this responsibility is shared between central departments of education and local school boards. Canadian provinces have been active participants in international large-scale assessments (ILSAs) such as the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement’s (IEA) Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). Participation in these assessments is coordinated by the Canadian Council for Ministers of Education (CMEC), which has provided a federal forum in which to broker a ‘de facto pan-Canadian education policy framework’ (Wallner, 2012, 851). CMEC also administers the national Pan-Canadian Assessment Programme. Reports on Canadian schooling performance in the media and by international organisations, based on numbers generated by ILSAs, have represented Canadian education performance as having common features nationally. The paper will examine the construction of an ‘imagined national’ (Anderson, 2006) space of Canadian education through (a) the generation of numbers that enable national and international comparisons; and (b) reports that discuss the educational performance of the nation, rather than specific provinces and territories. Two sets of documents will be analysed: (1) media articles reporting on Canadian performance in PISA and (2) OECD reports on Canadian education. Interview data relating to the management of national and international assessments by CMEC will also be analysed. Following Lawn (2013), we argue that educational numbers generated by ILSAs, in part, now help to construct Canadian schooling as a national system. While participation in ILSAs is a provincial decision and has created direct relationships between sub-national entities and international organisations, illustrating what Lingard and Lewis (2017) describe as new spatialities of education governance, participation in ILSAs also contributes to a national imaginary of Canadian education.
Anderson, B. (2006). Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. London, UK: Verso Books Lawn M. (2013b). A systemless system: Designing the disarticulation of English state education. European Educational Research Journal, 12, 231-241. Lingard, B., & Lewis, S. (2017). Placing PISA and PISA for schools in two federalisms, Australia and the USA. Critical Studies in Education, 1-14. Wallner, J. (2012). Political structures, social diversity, and public policy: comparing mandatory education in Canada and the United States. Comparative Political Studies, 45(7), 850-874.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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