08 SES 05.5 PS, General Poster Session
General Poster Session
Experimenting with certain behaviors that present risk and have negative consequences for one’s health and well-being, such as cigarette and alcohol consumption, illicit drug use and risky sexual behavior usually begins during adolescence. For example, the prevalence of weekly alcohol use and drunkenness and the prevalence of smoking increase significantly during the adolescent years (Currie at al., 2012). The engagement of adolescents in health-risk behaviors presents a concern for parents, schools and health care providers. According to problem-behavior theory, risk behaviors often co-occur in adolescents (Jessor, 1991). Various risk and protective factors for engagement in health-risk behaviors during adolescent years have been identified, among which are characteristics of relations with parents and peers (Prinstein & La Greca, 2004; Rai et al., 2003), peer and dating violence (Swahn et al., 2008), academic success (He et al., 2004; Murphey et al., 2004), leisure time activities (Borawski et al., 2003) and obesity (Farhat et al., 2010). The aim of the present study was to examine whether different health-risk behaviors are manifestations of a single underlying tendency to engage in multiple risk-behaviors and to explore how family characteristics and indicators of adolescent performance and adjustment in the school context contribute to the explanation of their tendency to become involved in health-risk behaviors.
Borawski, E. A., Ievers-Landis, C. E., Lovegreen, L. D., Trapl, E. (2003). Parental monitoring, negotiated unsupervised time, and parental trust: The role of perceived parenting practices in adolescent health risk behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 33(2), 60-70. Currie, C. et al. (Eds.) (2012). Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: International report from the 2009/2010 survey. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. (Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, No. 6). Farhat, T., Iannotti, R. J., Simons-Morton, B. (2010). Overweight, obesity, youth, and health-risk behaviors. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 38(3), 258-267. He, K., Kramer, E., Houser, R. F., Chomitz, V. R., Hacker, K. A. (2004). Defining and understanding healthy lifestyles choices for adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 35(1), 26-33. Jessor, R. (1991). Risk behavior in adolescence: A psychosocial framework for understanding and action. Journal of Adolescent Health, 12, 597-605. Murphey, D. A., Lamonda, K. H., Carney, J. K., Duncan, P. (2004). Relationships of a brief measure of youth assets to health-promoting and risk behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 34(3), 184-191. Prinstein, M. J., La Greca, A. M. (2004). Childhood peer rejection and aggression as predictors of adolescent girls’ externalizing and health risk behaviors: A 6-year longitudinal study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72(1), 103-112. Rai, A. A., Stanton, B., Wu, Y., Li, X., Galbraith, J., Cottrell, L., Pack, R., Harris, C., D'Alessandri, D., Burns, J. (2003). Relative influences of perceived parental monitoring and perceived peer involvement on adolescent risk behaviors: An analysis of six cross-sectional data sets. Journal of Adolescent Health, 33(2), 108-118. Swahn, M. H., Bossarte, R. M., Sullivent, E. E. (2008). Age of alcohol use initiation, suicidal behavior, and peer and dating violence victimization and perpetration among high-risk, seventh-grade adolescents. Pediatrics,121(2), 297-305.
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