23 SES 12 A, Nordic Educational Programmes to Assure Transition and Prevent Dropout
The Swedish educational system has been reformed in several waves, adopting policies inspired by the principles of New Public Management (decentralization, standardization, accountability) and with the creation of a school market (voucher, independent schools, free choice). Another reform of the upper-secondary system in the 90-ies had the aim of making secondary education more democratic, reducing the difference between the vocational and the academic programmes, by means of increasing the academic content of the vocational tracks. The upper secondary education has now developed to a differentiated system of options, among which the students are expected to choose, recently including an apprenticeship option. The aim of this paper is to present a review of the Swedish upper secondary system, to identify some contradictions in the policy adopted and to analyze trends that are emerging in research and evaluations. The upper secondary education is free and accessible to all the students. About 4 % of the age group population, having intellectual disability attends though a separate system. The throughput shows that a large share of students (more than 30%) does not achieve the required degree within the expected period. The students lacking the qualifications required for the 18 vocational or academic programmes (about 20% of the age group) are since 2011 enrolled in 5 different introduction programmes (IP). Evaluations of the development of the IP show large differences among providers, difficulties in adapting the organization to the students’ situation, and high degree of need of support among the students. The more comprehensive secondary system with reduced difference between academic and vocational tracks may have contributed to increased dropout among disadvantaged students. The policy of upper secondary education wanting to conciliate goals, of both realizing a democratic and equitable system, and raising efficiency, performance, and the educational standards, seems not to work as expected, while at the same time epidemiological studies show increased rate of anxiety, depression and distress among young people.
Alexandersson, M. (2011). Equivalence and choice in combination: The Swedish dilemma. Oxford Review of Education, 37(2), 195-214. Hall, C. (2012). The effects of reducing tracking in upper secondary school: Evidence from a large-scale pilot scheme. Journal of Human Resources, 47(1), 237-269. Heath, A., & Sullivan, A. (2011). Introduction: The democratisation of upper secondary education? Oxford Review of Education, 37(2), 123-138. Holm, A. -. (2013). A sea of options: Student perspectives on market competition in upper-secondary schools in sweden. Nordic Studies in Education, 33(4), 284-299. Lager, A., Berlin, M., Heimerson, I., & Danielsson, M. (2012). Young people's health: Health in Sweden: The National Public Health report 2012. Chapter 3. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 40(SUPPL. 9), 42-47. Lundahl, L., Arreman, I., Lundström, U., & Rönnberg, L. (2010). Setting things right? Swedish upper secondary school reform in a 40-year perspective. European Journal of Education, 45(1), 46-59. Niemi, A. & Rosvall, P. (2013). Framing and classifying the theoretical and practical divide: how young men's positions in vocational education are produced and reproduced. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 65(4), 445-460. SNAE (2014). Introduktionsprogram. Rapport 413. Söderström, M., & Uusitalo, R. (2010). School choice and segregation: Evidence from an admission reform. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 112(1), 55-76.
- Search for keywords and phrases in "Text Search"
- Restrict in which part of the abstracts to search in "Where to search"
- Search for authors and in the respective field.
- For planning your conference attendance you may want to use the conference app, which will be issued some weeks before the conference
- If you are a session chair, best look up your chairing duties in the conference system (Conftool) or the app.