22 SES 13 D, Internationalisation: Various Perspectives
The following proposal investigates the reasons for the unprecedented rise of “liberal arts (and sciences)” education programs at Dutch universities over the last two decades.
There are currently 15 European countries that run more than 35 independent, post-1989 institutions subscribing to the idea of liberal arts (European Colleges of Liberal Arts and Sciences; van der Wende 2011; Godwin 2015a; Gillespie 2001). Since the opening of University College Utrecht in 1998, the Netherlands witnessed a successful proliferation with now seven university colleges, two liberal arts programmes and at least two planned new institutions.
In the first part, I will reconstruct the overarching vision behind the introduction of liberal arts in form of university colleges. The model, nicknamed a “Dutch mix” (Adriaansens 2014; University College Deans Network 2014), is based on a “liberal arts” interdisciplinary and general undergraduate curriculum present in many American liberal arts colleges, but scaled down to the Oxbridge size and focusing on Bildung-like research-based pedagogy. I will investigate its predecessors, promoters, development and current diversity of curricular offerings and organization, as well as coordination, challenges and plausible future development.
In the second part, I will try to provide an explanation of why this particular model was the only example of European liberal education to reach national prominence – all but one traditional public university now encompasses a liberal arts unit - and international visibility. Three types of factors are being examined:
- The context of Dutch higher education before the introduction of the first liberal education, with its unprecedented internationalization, the existence of „general” curricula and its early-adopter status of the Bologna Process, but also serious structural issues (high dropout rates, low-achievers culture) (Boer and Goedegebuure 2001; van der Wende and Reumer 2010)
- Personal traits of the individuals introducing curricular innovation, most notably Hans Adriaansens, both in terms of their exposure to the US system and leadership skills (Tak and Oomen 2012; Eckel and Kezar 2011; Bolman and Gallos 2011; Wren, Riggio, and Genovese 2009)
- The prestige game between the Dutch research universities that currently consider English-taught, internationalized undergraduate programs a much needed addition to their disciplinary offerings –considered from governance and knowledge policy perspective (Erkkilä 2014; Lewis and Rupp 2015; Olsen 2007; Fumasoli, Gornitzka, and Maassen 2014; Altbach 2011).
In summary, I will offer the predictions in further development of the university college movement and its plausible international proliferation, both as a curricular and institutional model, and as a major actor at the European liberal education scene.
Adriaansens, Hans P.M. 2014. “The Dutch Mix: The International University College.” St. Petersburg (unpublished). Altbach, Philip G. 2011. “Patterns of Higher Education Development.” In American Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century, edited by Philip G Altbach, Robert O Berdahl, and Patricia J Gumport, 37–68. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ———. 2016. “The Many Traditions of Liberal Arts — and Their Global Relevance.” International Higher Education. Becker, Jonathan. 2015. “Liberal Arts and Sciences Education : Responding to the Challenges of the XXIst Century.” Voprosy Obrazovaniya / Educational Studies (Moscow) 4: 33–61. doi:10.17323/1814. Detweiler, Richard A; and Jerzy Axer. 2012. “International Perspectives on Liberal Education: An Assessment in Two Parts.” Transforming Undergraduate Education. Theory That Compels and Practices That Succeed, 225–52. European Colleges of Liberal Arts and Sciences. “ECOLAS Liaisons.” (online) Fumasoli, Tatiana, Åse Gornitzka, and Peter Maassen. 2014. University Autonomy and Organisational Change Dynamics. 8. ARENA Working Paper. Oslo. http://www.sv.uio.no/arena/english/research/publications/arena-publications/workingpapers/working-papers2014/wp8-14.pdf. Gillespie, Susan. 2001. “Opening Minds: The International Liberal Education Movement.” World Policy Journal Winter. World Policy Institute: 79–89. Godwin, Kara A. 2015a. “The Worldwide Emergence of Liberal Education.” International Higher Education, no. 79: 2–4. http://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/ihe/article/view/5835/5199. ———. 2015b. “The Counter Narrative: Critical Analysis of Liberal Education in Global Context.” New Global Studies 9 (3): 223–44. doi:10.1515/ngs-2015-0033. Norgaard, Thomas, and Peter Hajnal. 2014. “Value Studies and Democratic Citizenship.” In Civic Engagement, Civic Development, and Higher Education. New Perspectives on Transformational Learning, edited by Jill N. Reich, 41–46. Washington, DC: Bringing Theory to Practice. Olsen, Johan P. 2007. “The Institutional Dynamics of the European University.” In University Dynamics and European Integration, edited by Peter Maasen and Johan P. Olsen, 25–54. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. Tak, Herman, and Barbara Oomen. 2012. De Disciplines Voorbij. De Colleges van Hans Adriaansens. Middelburg: De Drvkkery. University College Deans Network. 2014. “Statement on the Role, Characteristics, and Cooperation of Liberal Arts and Sciences Colleges in the Netherlands.”. https://www.universitycolleges.info/. van der Wende, Marijk C. 2011. “The Emergence of Liberal Arts and Sciences Education in Europe: A Comparative Perspective.” Higher Education Policy 24: 233–53. van der Wende, Marijk C., and Christoffel Reumer. 2010. Excellence and Diversity : The Emergence of Selective Admission Policies in Dutch Higher Education - A Case Study on Amsterdam University College. 10. 15. Wit, Hans de, Fiona Hunter, Laura Howard, and Eva Egron-Polak. 2015. Internationalization of Higher Education. (online)
- Search for keywords and phrases in "Text Search"
- Restrict in which part of the abstracts to search in "Where to search"
- Search for authors and in the respective field.
- For planning your conference attendance you may want to use the conference app, which will be issued some weeks before the conference
- If you are a session chair, best look up your chairing duties in the conference system (Conftool) or the app.