ERG SES G 03, Media and Education
The European Union is based on “values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights” (Article I-2, Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, p.11). "As access to information and participation are core principles of today’s society, MIL must be regarded as an enabler of human rights” (UNESCO, 2014). Education and in particular MIL is a key element to pursue the path of these values. Using Mooij’s ICT model 3 (Mooij, 2014, p.521), we assure “optimal educational conditions” and “optimal self-regulated learning” through ICT use, but to do that, we need a practical implementation of this model. If we prepare teachers to help students to develop MIL competences inside the curriculum using appropriate ICT tools this would be better than simply teaching how to use this tools. The effective use of ICT in education is not consensual; there are studies pointing in opposite directions maybe because the key element is not the use but what we do with them. The Paris Declaration on MIL in Digital Era, states, "there is a tendency to give more attention to computer literacy or IT literacy over MIL in many educational and policy contexts" but “it is neither useful nor efficient to promote a single literacy or single skill set without embedding it in the wider context of MIL” (UNESCO, 2014).
As an ICT teacher's trainer, the author of this paper has heard teachers say many times, "I have taken a course for this subject, but now I don't know anything about it."
Why does this happen? Perhaps because the continuing education of teachers focuses on technological tools rather than on the teaching profession. We live in a quickly changing world, in an era of information and knowledge. Technology provides the media for this change but change itself is a social phenomenon. So, learning how to use a specific technology shouldn’t be independent of the context of the specific use of this technology. If we focus too much on the mechanics of the technology we do not understand the full potential of a specific technology in the educational process and this is the aim of teachers’ training.
Our aim is to test two related training actions each with five teachers, in the form called stage, about digital technologies and MIL, one for science teachers and the other for librarian teachers. Is this training stage an effective way to embed ICT and MIL in the curriculum?
We adapted tools of Guided Inquiry (Kuhlthau, Maniotes, Caspari, 2007, 2012) to teachers’ training in order to use in the training stages a methodology similar to that which students will use in lessons with teacher-attended training. We started training with a discussion related to MIL practices, including ICT use in the classroom and in the school library. After that we presented Information Seek Process (Kuhlthau, 2004) and Guided Inquiry as a main theoretical framework of both training stages. Then teachers and school librarians did a project about sexual education like their students will do later. So, they used ICT tools while they worked in groups doing a research assignment according to Guided Inquiry Framework. Then teachers plan their intervention to implement with students and this is still part of training. Intervention is planned and implemented by the science teacher and librarians together. Reflection is an important component of Guided Inquiry that is used by teachers and students. In the last session of the training stages teachers and school librarians shared their feelings, thoughts and actions about all the process.
Kuhlthau, C.C. (2004). Seeking Meaning: a process approach to library and information serviçes (2nd ed.). Westport, Connecticut - London: Libraries Unlimited. Kuhlthau, C.C., Maniotes, L.K., & Caspari, A.K. (2007). Guided Inquiry: Learning in the 21st Century. Wetsport, CT: Libraries Unlimited. ________ (2012). Guided Inquiry Design: a framework for inquiry in your school. Wetsport, CT: Libraries Unlimited. Mooij, T. (2014). Self-regulated and Technology-enhances Learning: a European perspective. European Educational Journal. 13(5) 519-528. Doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/eerj.2014.13.5.519 Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (2004). Official Journal of The European Union, C310. 47. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=OJ:C:2004:310:FULL&from=EN UNESCO (2014). Paris Declaration on Media and Information Literacy in the Digital Era. http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/news/paris_mil_declaration.pdf
- Search for keywords and phrases in "Text Search"
- Restrict in which part of the abstracts to search in "Where to search"
- Search for authors and in the respective field.
- For planning your conference attendance you may want to use the conference app, which will be issued some weeks before the conference
- If you are a session chair, best look up your chairing duties in the conference system (Conftool) or the app.