06 SES 13, Media Framing Experiences: Young refugees, computer games
State of Research and Theoretical Perspective
In recent years, the total number of asylum applications in Germany has been risen significantly. In 2016, more than 700.000 people have applied for asylum, many of them young adults and unaccompanied minors (BAMF, 2016). Having arrived in Germany, the young people are living under severe insecurities, e.g. regarding the safety of their family and friends who are staying in other countries, their housing situation, provision with professional support, residence status and linked to this, their possibilities to participate in society, work and to do an apprenticeship or study in Germany (e.g. Berthold, 2014; Homfeldt & Schmitt, 2012).
First studies show that digital media play an important role for young refugees: during flight and in Germany, the smartphone serves as navigation system to cope in new environments. Via digital media, the young people can interact with friends and family and inform themselves about the political situation in their country of origin (Fiedler, 2016; Gillespie et al., 2016; Leung, Finney Lamb & Emrys, 2009; Richter, Kunst & Emmer, 2016). Furthermore, studies indicate that some forms of media usage can be understood as informal learning practices (e.g. Kutscher & Kreß, 2016).
Current research gives an overview about the refugees’ media usage. It describes different smartphone apps the young ones use, while there is still a lack of studies about the relation of media use and educational processes (German: Medienbildung). Medienbildung means education and learning in a world full of media. The main idea is that media have immanent potentials for education and learning. Media can lead to a development and change of a subject’s relation to the world and to the self (Jörissen & Marotzki, 2014). We use the theoretical concept of Medienbildung as sensitizing concept for our analysis (Strauss & Corbin, 1990). Our lecture sheds a light on Medienbildung under the circumstances of flight, refuge and forced transnationality. We focus on two aspects: First, we analyze the varieties of ways young refugees (now living in Germany) use digital media in their daily life. From a theoretical standpoint, we ask about the potential and role of media for their education and learning processes and for getting along with challenges in their transnational lifeworlds. Second, we reconstruct the role of Medienbildung in interactions between young refugees and social workers. Unaccompanied minors are addressees of the German youth welfare and educational system. They are living in specific refugee houses or houses of youth welfare, go to school and – in some cases – take part in optional media education projects. Medienbildung refers in this case to the role of media in educational contexts with young refugees which can challenge the social workers.
- Which role do digital media play in the transnational lifeworlds of young refugees?
- Which forms of media usage does the interview material show and which relevance do media have for learning and education processes of the young people (Medienbildung)?
- How do digital media frame the interaction between young refugees and social workers engaged in the field of refugee work?
- Which kind of media education do social workers implement?
Berthold, T. (2014): In erster Linie Kinder. Flüchtlingskinder in Deutschland [In the first place children. Refugee children in Germany]. German Committee of UNICEF e.V. Köln. https://www.unicef.de/blob/56282/fa13c2eefcd41dfca5d89d44c72e72e3/fluechtlingskinder-in-deutschland-unicef-studie-2014-data.pdf (18.01.2017). Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge (Federal Office for Migration and Refugees) (2016): Aktuelle Zahlen zu Asyl [Current Data regarding Asylum]. December 2016. http://www.bamf.de/SharedDocs/Anlagen/DE/Downloads/Infothek/Statistik/Asyl/aktuelle-zahlen-zu-asyl-dezember-2016.html?nn=7952222 (13.01.2017). Fiedler, A. (2016): Information to go: Kommunikation im Prozess der Migration am Beispiel syrischer und irakischer Flüchtlinge auf ihrem Weg nach Deutschland [Communication in the process of migration using the example of Syrian and Iraqi refugees on their way to Germany]. In: Global Media Journal. Vol. 6, No.1. https://www.db-thueringen.de/servlets/MCRFileNodeServlet/dbt_derivate_00035504/GMJ11_Fiedler.pdf (17.01.2017). Gillespie, M., Ampofo, L., Cheesman, M., Faith, B., Iliadou, E., Issa, A., Osseiran, S. & Skleparis, D. (2016): Mapping Refugee Media Journeys. Smartphones and Social Media Networks. Research Report. The Open University / France Médias Monde. http://www.open.ac.uk/ccig/sites/www.open.ac.uk.ccig/files/Mapping%20Refugee%20Media%20Journeys%2016%20May%20FIN%20MG_0.pdf (18.01.2017). Homfeldt, H. G.& Schmitt, C. (2012): Unbegleitete minderjährige Flüchtlinge - transnationale Vernetzung als Potenzial [Unaccompanied Minor Refugees - Transnational Networking as a Potential]. In: Homfeldt, H. G. & Gahleitner, S. B. (eds.): Kinder und Jugendliche mit speziellem Versorgungsbedarf [Children and Youth with Specific Needs]. Weinheim/Basel. pp. 159-183. Jörissen, B. & Marotzki, W. (2014). Medienbildung in der digitalen Jugendkultur [Media Education in the digital Youth Culture]. In: Hugger, K.-U. (eds.): Digitale Jugendkulturen [Digital Youth Cultures]. 2. Edition. Wiesbaden, pp. 317-331. Kutscher, N. & Kreß, L.-M. (2016): „Internet is the same like food” – An empirical study on the use of digital media by unaccompanied minor refugees in Germany. In: Transnational Social Review, pp. 200-203. DOI: 10.1080/21931674.2016.1184819 Leung, L., Finny Lamb, C. & Emrys, L. (2009): Technology’s Refuge. The Use of Technology by Asylum Seekers and Refugees. UTS Shopfront Monograph Series No 5. UTS Press: Broadway. Richter, C., Kunst, M. & Martin, E. (2016): Aus der Forschungspraxis: Flucht 2.0 –Erfahrungen zur Befragung von Flüchtlingen zu ihrer mobilen Mediennutzung [From the research practice: Flight 2.0 – Experiences for the Interviewing of Refugees to their Mobile Media Use]. In: Global Media Journal. Vol. 6, No. 1., pp. 1-15. Strauss, A. & Corbin, J. (1990): Grounded Theory Research: Procedures, Canons, and Evaluative Criteria. In: Qualitative Sociology. Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 3-21. Beltz: Weinheim.
- Search for keywords and phrases in "Text Search"
- Restrict in which part of the abstracts to search in "Where to search"
- Search for authors and in the respective field.
- For planning your conference attendance you may want to use the conference app, which will be issued some weeks before the conference
- If you are a session chair, best look up your chairing duties in the conference system (Conftool) or the app.