22 SES 01 C, Employability and Transition to Work of Higher Education Graduates.
At the time students enroll at university they usually have some kind of an idea of their future. According to Bergenhenegouwen (1987, 537) students expectations towards studying have prospect of getting a job they would like to work in. Working during studies is common. Throughout Europe students have temporary jobs to finance their studies. There seems to be a connection between working during studies and employment after graduation. (Kivinen & Nurmi 2003, 97-99.)
In Finland before present economic depression employment of recent graduates improved. Employment rate of year 2006 university graduates at the end of year 2007 in Finland was after master’s degree 87.7 % and after bachelor’s degree 74.3 % (Statictics Finland 2009).
After recent economic depression in Finland university graduates often considered their education and work matching which is not the case in every European country. There were also differences between fields of study. Most of Finnish graduates thought they use in their work knowledge acquired in the course of studies. Most of them also thought their work correspond to their level of education. (Kivinen & Nurmi 2003, 97-99; Schomburg & Teichler 2006, 105-108.)
The aim of this study is to examine university students’ expectations of transition to working life in the time of economic depression. The research question was: What kind of expectations do students’ have of transition to working life? Factors used to examine views on the expectations of transition to working life include phase of studies, context of studying (in this case faculty) and working while studying.
Bergenhenegouwen, G. 1987. Hidden curriculum in the university. Higher Education 16, 535-543. Kivinen, O. & Nurmi, J. 2003. Unifying Higher Education for Different Kinds of Europeans. Higher education and Work: a comparison of ten countries. Comparative Education 39 (1), 83-103. Schomburg, H. & Teichler, U. 2006. Higher education and Graduate Employment in Europe. Results from Graduate Surveys from Twelve Countries. Netherlands: Springer. Statictics Finland 2009. Employment of recent graduates improved in 2007. [http://www.stat.fi/til/sijk/2007/sijk_2007_2009-03-25_tie_001_en.html]
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