22 SES 08 A, Inequality and Diversity in Higher Education Settings
The meaning of the word “democracy” and its usage has varied over time (Lively, 1975; Baechler, 1995; Cunningham, 2002). What was understood as democracy in classical Athens differs from what may be understood as democracy today. Not only the concept of democracy has change, but there have also been differences in the valuation of democracy as well as differences in the conceptions of democracy (Lane & Ersson, 2003).
Democracy, which is based on the wealth of thought, enables oneself introduce, is a lifestyle that requires to be receptive to other people’s ideas. Each individual’s living, experience, and reflection of the world of the knowledge, having specific world of idea and perspective, and the reality that those different perspectives and experiences might have utilities while taking decisions for society underlies the democracy.
One of the major turning points for the democratization process in Turkey is the opening of its accession negotiations for European Union membership. The EU has significant impact on the democratization process in Turkey due to its political conditionality and through Turkey’s adaptation of its rules and laws to those of the EU. Thus, the process of membership negotiations impacts the Turkey's democratization process in a significant way. This paper proposes that as Turkey moves towards meeting the EU’s standards in democracy as part and parcel of its accession requirements,
Democracy is a culture, and it gains meaning if it is carried out with its whole corporations. Young people constitute the vast majority of societies. Turkey is also such a country that young and dynamic people constitute considerable part of population. Thus, determining the university youths’ perception of democracy in Turkey composes the main purpose of this research.
Beachler, J. (1995) Democracy: An Analytical Survey. Paris: UNESCO. Cunningham, F. (2002) Theories of Democracy: A Critical Introduction. London: Routledge. Dewey, J. (1966) Democracy and Education: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Education. New York, NY: Free Pres. Lively, J. (1975) Democracy. Oxford: Blackwell. Kuzgun, Y. (2001) Eğitimde Kendini Gerçekleştirme, Şimşek, A. (Edt.) Sınıfta Demokrasi, Ankara.
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