08 SES 05 A, Health, Schools and Inclusion
The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of Benzies & Batchies, an intervention program to prevent sexual harassment designed for students (both boys and girls), aged 12-16 years attending schools for preparatory secondary vocational education. Benzies & Batchies consists of a theatre play and school lessons.
Many adolescents experience sexual harassment behavior, either as victim, perpetrator or both. Sexual harassment is defined as unwanted sexual attention, including physical contact such as kissing, hugging and touching and non-physical contact such as sexual remarks, jokes, gestures, looks, showing sexual pictures, messages or notes and spreading sexually-related rumors (McMaster, Connolly, Pepler & Craig, 2002; Young, Grey & Boyd, 2009). Estimations of prevalence of sexual harassment behavior differ according to age (Hill & Kearl, 2011), definition of sexual harassment behavior (McMaster et al., 2002; Young et al., 2009) and time frame (Witkowska & Menckel, 2005; De Bruijn, Burrie & Van Wel, 2006). In the Western population, prevalence rates for girls being a victim are found between 45-56% and for being a perpetrator between 7-21%. Prevalence rates for boys being a victim are found between 40-55% and for being a perpetrator between 13-36% (McMaster et al., 2002; Bonino, Ciairano, Rabaglietti & Cattelino, 2006; Hill & Kearl, 2011; Yu Li, Frieze & Tang, 2010). Girls are more likely to be a victim (Bonino et al., 2006), while boys are more likely to be perpetrator (Young et al., 2009).With age, prevalence rates for both female and male adolescent victims of sexual harassment change. Younger male students reported more sexual harassment victimization than older male students, while older girls experienced more sexual harassment than younger girls (Hill & Kearl, 2011).
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