03 SES 01, Balancing Curriculum Regulation and Freedom across Europe (Part 1)
Symposium: to be continued in 03 SES 01
A national curriculum in general education reflects a society’s goals and hopes for future citizens’ development. On the other hand, it also reflects the status and level of education in society. In the Estonian case, the number of transitions in the past century has had a strong impact on educational content, as well as on the freedom of schools and teachers in implementing the national curriculum. In this chapter the correlations are described and explained between changes in society, whether violent or through democratic processes, and the regulation of the curriculum. Also research data and some examples that illustrate the problems of curricular freedom for teachers are presented.
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