22 SES 03 C, Student Diversity
Considering the vast and fast expansion of universities in Ethiopia, questions related to accessbility and equal provision are of interest. This submission focuses on students with disabilities. Compared to long established higher education institutions in other (European) countries that might need to undergo restructuring, newly built universities could cater for specific needs from the onset and provided full structural accessibility. Or at least consider them. Are e.g. persons with disabilities considered in planning the location of classrooms or availability of accessible toilets? If so, considerations need to reach far beyond (infra)structural accessibility.
The percentage of persons with disabilities attending university compared to other (European) countries is considerably high. Availability of services on the other hand are often limited or non-existent. This holds even more true or females with disabilities. Even if they manage to qualify for and receive higher education, they face a number of additional or more severe challenges as their male fellow-students. Exploring the type and roots of these additional barrieres or recommendations how to tackle these are at the core of this submission. Females students with disabilities currently studying at Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia were invited to discuss challenges and associated recommendations for action. Of main interest were females' personal accounts of how they achieved the level of higher education. Some of them had to break with their families in order to continue education. Challenges are more often than not associated with economic shortages.
Altbach, P. G., Reisberg, L., & Rumbley, L. E. (2009). Trends in global higher education: Tracking an academic revolution. Bae, Y., Choy, S., Geddes, C., Sable, J., & Snyder, T. (2000). Trends in Educational Equity of Girls & Women. ED Pubs, PO Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398. Molla, T., & Gale, T. (2014). Inequality in Ethiopian higher education: Reframing the problem as capability deprivation. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, (ahead-of-print), 1-15. Semela, T. (2006). Higher Education Expansion and the Gender Question in Ethiopia: A case study of women in a public university. The Ethiopian Journal of Higher Education, 3(1), 63-86. Semela,T. and Ayalew, E. (2008). Ethiopia. D. Teferra and J. Knight (eds.), Higher Education in Africa: The International Dimension, Chestnut Hill, MA and Accra; Boston College Center for International Higher Education and Association ofAfrican Universities. 159-207
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