02 SES 16 C, Skills Formation
There is an abundant research on different political-economic, institutional, educational and social aspects of skill formation in the developed Western economies. For instance, literature on the variety of capitalism (VOC) distinguishes between liberal and coordinated market economies to describe differences between Anglophone and German speaking countries (Hall, Soskice, 2009; Bosch, 2017). Research of political economy of skill formation distinguishes a market-based skill formation system typical for the UK and Ireland from collective skill formation systems of the German speaking countries and neo-corporatist state-led skill formation system typical for France, Italy, Spain, Portugal and Greece (Busemeyer & Trampusch 2012), confirming earlier cultural-historical typologies (Greinert 2004, Brockmann et al., 2011). However, a categorisation of the skill formation systems and regimes of the post-communist countries is not yet established, although it is widely agreed that these countries do not follow a single model (Saar et al. 2008, Kogan et al. 2008 and 2012, Le Deist & Tūtlys 2012, Martinaitis 2013). Moreover, little is known about the relation between particularities of various post-communist educational reforms, and the development of skill formation approaches in this region in light of skills emigration and increasingly international labour markets
The proposed research symposium brings together recent research on vocational education and training which aims at identifying patterns of convergence and divergence between Western and Eastern economies. While using different analytical approaches all three contributions take a comparative perspective on long-term developments in VET. The first contribution looks at ‘national conceptions’ of vocational education and broad developments in the last two decades comparing selected older with newer Member States. It raises the question whether convergence can be expected given the divergent demographic trends. Taking the case of Lithuania, the second contribution reconsiders existing typologies of skill formation and VET systems, and discusses critical junctures in the development of the Lithuania VET system since the fall of the Iron Curtain. The third contribution analysis how mass skilled emigration and low-skilled immigration affects training companies’ loyalty to the VET system in Poland. In particular, it investigates the attitudes of employers as regards in-company apprenticeship training.
Bosch, G. (2017). Different National Skill Systems. In C. Warhurst, K. Masyhew, D. Finegold, J. Buchanan (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Skills and Training (pp. 487-510). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L., Winch, C. (2011). Knowledge, skills and competences in the European labour market. What´s in a vocational qualification. London, New York: Routledge.
Busemeyer, M. R., & Trampusch, C. (Eds.). (2012). The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Greinert, W.-D. (2004). European vocational training systems: the theoretical context of historical development. In: Cedefop; Greinert, W.-D.; Hanf, G. (eds). Towards a history of vocational education and training (VET) in Europe in a comparative perspective: proceedings of the first international conference, Florence, October 2002. Luxembourg: Publications Office. Cedefop panorama series; Vol. 1, No 103.
References continued: Hall, P.A., Sockice, D. (2009). An Introduction to Varieties of Capitalism. In B. Hancké (ed.), Debating Varieties of Capitalism (pp.21-74). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Kogan, I., Gebel, M., & Noelke, C. (Eds.). (2008). Europe Enlarged - A handbook of education, labour and welfare regimes in Central and Eastern Europe. Bristol: Policy Press. Kogan, I., Noelke, C., & Gebel, M. (Eds.). (2012). Making the transition - Education and Labor Market Entry in Central and Eastern Europe. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Le Deist, F., & Tūtlys, V. (2012). Limits to mobility: competence and qualifications in Europe. European Journal of Training and Development, 36(2/3), 262-285. Martinaitis, Ž. (2010). The Political Economy of Skills Formation: Explaining Differences in Central and Eastern Europe. Doctoral Dissertation. Vilnius: Vilnius University. Saar, E., Unt, M., & Kogan, I. (2008). Transition from Educational System to Labour Market in the European Union: A Comparison between New and Old Members. International Journal of comparative sociology, 49(1), 31-59
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