02 SES 07 A, Teachers Practice and Didactics
This paper reports from a study of VET-teachers` professional development through participation in a further education course in assessment for learning. Professional development is defined as an ongoing process including inquiry, reflection and experimentation (Darling-Hammond & McLaughlin, 2011). VET-teachers have a dual professional identity as teachers– as skilled workers and as teachers in upper secondary school, VET programmes. Professional development for VET-teachers should be related to being a teacher and colleague in upper secondary school as well as skilled worker in a vocational profession, since both identities constitutes VET-teachers` knowledge and actions in teaching VET-students (Saunders, 2012; Broad, 2016).
Research in vocational education and training has recent years argued for building competence relevant for future work and discuss how this challenges VET-education (Bound, 2011; Lloyd & Payne, 2012; Herrara, 2016). Bound (2011) shows a need for planning professional learning for VET-teachers, contextualized to the workplace. Mapping of VET-teachers` learning needs together with the institutions` practices, as tensions between old and new practices, is a crucial part of this planning (Bound, 2011). Saunders (2012) argue that vocational knowledge is temporal and needs to be understood as being distributed and developed in networks. These features has therefore been crucial aspects to the further education course this study reports from.
The study focus on development of VET-teachers` competency related to assessment for learning and professional development as teachers in school context. The concept assessment for learning is often used to describe assessment that supports students` learning, and assessment that are used both by students and teachers to improve learning and teaching (Sadler 1989; Black & Wiliam, 2009; Wiliam, 2011). Feedback, as part of assessment for learning, have strong influence on students` performance, and should be an integrated part of teaching and learning activities (Hattie & Timperley, 2007). Teachers` responsiveness to students` efforts is crucial for assessment to become a basis for learning, as well as students` seeking of feedback (Hattie & Timperley, 2007; Boud & Molloy, 2013). These well-known and at the same time rather new perceptions of assessment has been implemented in the Norwegian assessment system and educational legislation by the Ministry of Knowledge (2006). Since the implementation of the Norwegian educational reform Knowledge promotion in 2006 (Ministry of Knowledge, 2006), there has been an extensive investment in post- qualification and further education of teachers in primary and secondary schools. However, VET- teachers, as part of upper secondary education, have traditionally limited access to post-qualifying education and courses. HVL designed and accomplished in 2017 a further education course in assessment for learning for VET-teachers to meet the need for professional development in this field for VET-teachers. The research question addressed by the current study is: How can a further education course in assessment for learning in VET contribute to VET- teachers` development of assessment competence and practice?
Eight upper secondary schools, VET- programmes, participated at the course, involving 30 VET-teachers. The course Assessment for learning in VET was organized by three meetings each two days during autumn 2017. The meetings included varying learning activities as well as discussions and planning for intermediary work focusing on practicing various aspects of assessment for learning. Final grading was accomplished by oral exam in groups in VET-teachers` schools with colleagues and school leaders as audience. During the oral exam VET-teachers presented their experiences from practicing assessment for learning in different vocational programmes, and discussed further development in schools with the audience.
The study used a qualitative approach to explore and understand VET-teachers` development of assessment for learning competency (Creswell, 2007; Kvale & Brinkmann, 2009). Data was collected by using focus group interviews with all participating teachers from three schools attending the course (N=8) (Liamputtong, 2011). Members of the focus groups differed between 3- 5 VET-teachers. Focus group interviews was chosen aiming to explore both the individual VET-teachers perceptions of assessment, as well as the VET- teachers/ colleagues perceptions and experiences with the development of assessment competency. The focus group interviews were accomplished 3 months after final exam in the further education course. In the focus group interviews the VET- teachers were invited into an in-depth dialogue about perceptions of assessment for learning and assessment practice. Statements about feedback practice, teachers` and students’ use of feedback, student involvement in assessment, quality of the further education course related to VET-teachers` needs and influence on their schools` professional development was discussed by the VET-teachers. The interviews were recorded and Nvivo software was used as a tool for transcription and analysing the data, starting with an open coding as basis for making categories (Kvale & Brinkmann, 2009).
The preliminary findings shows that VET-teachers responded positively to the further education course. Themes in the teaching lessons, work tasks during the course, reading lists and exam were all important elements contributing to the development of VET-teachers` assessment competency. The different communities during the course also had in important impact on teacher learning, i.e. the community at the course among the complex group of teachers, community at the course with teachers from the same VET-programme and VET-teachers from the same school. The data will be analysed in depth during February 2018.
Black, P., & Wiliam, D. (2009). Developing the theory of formative assessment. Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 21(1), 5–31. Boud, D., & Molloy, M. (2013). Changing conceptions of feedback. Feedback in Higher and Professional Education. Understanding it and doing it well. New York: Routledge. Bound, H. (2011) Vocational education and training teacher professional development: tensions and context. Studies in Continuing Education, 33(2), 107-199. Broad, J. H. (2016) Vocational knowledge in motion: rethinking vocational knowledge through vocational teachers` professional development. Journal of vocational education and training, 68(2), 143-160. Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry & Research Design. Choosing Among Five Approaches. Calefornia: Sage Publications. Darling-Hammond, L., and M.W. McLaughlin. 2011. Policies that support professional development in an era of reform; policies must keep pace with new ideas about what, when, and how teachers learn and must focus on developing schools’ and teachers’ capacities to be responsible for student learning. Phi delta kappan, 92 (6), 81–93. Hattie, J., & Timperley, H. (2007). The power of feedback. Review of Educational Research, 77(1), 81–112. Herrara, L. M. (2016) Yrkesutbildningsutmaningar i nya tider – vilken väg ska vi ta? Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 6(2), 66–83. Ministry of Knowledge (2006) The National Curriculum for Knowledge Promotion in Primary and Secondary Education and Training. Oslo. Herrara, L. M. (2016) Yrkesutbildningsutmaningar i nya tider – vilken väg ska vi ta? Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 6(2), 66-83. Kvale, S. & Brinkmann, S. (2009) Interview. Introduktion til et håndværk. 2. udgave. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) København: Hans Reitzels Forlag. Liamputtong, P. (2011). Focus Group Methodology. Principles and Practice. London: Sage Publications. Lloyd, C. & Payne, J. (2012) Raising the quality of vocational teachers: continuing professional development in England, Wales and Norway. Research Papers in Education, 27(1), 1-18. Sadler, D. R. (1989). Formative assessment and the design of instructional systems. Instructional Science, 18, 119–144. Saunders, R. (2012) Assessment of professional development for teachers in the vocational education and training sector: An examination of the Concerns Based Adoption Model. Australian Journal of Education, 56(2), 182-204. Wiliam, D. (2011). What is assessment for learning? Studies in Educational Evaluation, 37, 1, 3-14
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
The programme is updated regularly (each day in the morning)
- Search for keywords and phrases in "Text Search"
- Restrict in which part of the abstracts to search in "Where to search"
- Search for authors and in the respective field.
- For planning your conference attendance you may want to use the conference app, which will be issued some weeks before the conference
- If you are a session chair, best look up your chairing duties in the conference system (Conftool) or the app.