14 SES 9.5 PE/PS, Poster Exhibition / Poster Session
Parental involvement is defined as the degree to which parents are dedicated to their parental roles and accelerate their children’s optimal development (Maccoby & Martin, 1983). We can distinguish between parental involvement in general and in the educational field. In the educational field we can make the difference between behavioural, personal and cognitive involvement (Grolnick & Slowiaczek, 1994). A lot of researches (Hill, Castellino, Lansford, Nowlin, Dodge, Bates, & Pettit, 2004; Rosenzweig, 2001; Steinberg, Lamborn, Dornbusch & Darling, 1992) have tried to prove the existence of connections between parental involvement in educational process and their children’s success at school, their expectations and wishes about their future choice of career, and eventual behavioural difficulties. Not only research, in promoting achievement across elementary and secondary school levels, theories and policies also have identified the significant role of families, family-school relations, and parental involvement in education (Hill & Tyson, 2009). In the study we researched the factor structure (types) of parental involvement in education of their children and the relation between parental involvement and children’s age, gender and self-perception and parents’ education.
Grolnick, W. S. & Slowiaczek, M. L. (1994). Parents' involvement in children's schooling: A multidimensional conceptualization and motivational model. Child Development, 65, str. 237-252. Hill, N. E., Castellino, D. R., Lansford, J. E., Nowlin, P., Dodge, K. A., Bates, J. E., & Pettit, G. S. (2004). Parent academic involvement as related to school behavior, achievement, and aspirations: Demographic variations across adolescence. Child Development, 75, št. 5, str. 1491-1509. Hill, N. E. & Tyson, D. F. (2009). Parental involvement in middle school: A meta-analytic assessment of the strategies that promote achievement. Developmental Psychology, 45 (3), 740-763. Musitu, G., García, F., Gutiérrez, M., Krajnc, I., & Pečjak, S. (1998). Vprašalnik samopodobe. Priročnik. (The questionnaire of self-perception. Manual.). Ljubljana: Center za psihodiagnostična sredstva. Rosenzweig, C. (2001). A meta – analyisis of parenting and school succes: The role of parents in promoting student's academic performance. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American educational research association. Seattle: WA. Steinberg, L., Lamborn, S. D., Dornbusch, S. M., & Darling, N. (1992). Impact of parenting practices on adolescent achievement: Authoritative parenting, school involvement, and encouragement to succeed. Child Development, 63, str. 1266 – 1281.
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