14 SES 01 A, Eductional Apects of Rural Schooling – Possibilities, Challenges and Changes
In the UK, the 1996 Education Act bestows upon Local Authorities a duty on to ensure that suitable travel arrangements are made, where necessary to facilitate a child’s attendance at school. This study presents a student view of school transport arrangements and investigates the dilemma of school transport as both a facilitator and barrier to schooling.
International research on school transport in urban and rural contexts, explores a range of issues including sustainability (eg Toor and Havlick, 2004), its place in school choice (eg Ball, 2003), young people’s safety, health and well being (eg Faulkner et al, 2009) and young people’s behaviour on school transport (eg deLara, 2009, Putnam et al 2003). In studies of rural communities, the focus on school transport is heightened by physical location, where access to services can be a particular problem (Storey and Brannen, 2000)
This paper is based upon a case study of young people from an isolated rural village community in the South West of England which has significant social and economic difficulties. This geographical, cultural and economic context of isolation and deprivation is recorded across the UK (Shucksmith, 2000) and Europe (Hargreaves, 1997). The project set out to investigate the role school plays in the lives of these young people, in particular issues around inclusion.
The number of students in this particular community with poor school attendance is significantly higher than the average for all students at their secondary school. In a rural location like this, where the secondary school is miles from their homes, students who fail to attend school become disconnected from the school and other services and opportunities associated with the school and the town. This paper focuses on the students’ experience of school transport which was a recurring theme in the data.
Ball, S. (2003) Class strategies and the education market: the middle classes and social advantage.London: RoutledgeFalmer. deLara, E (2009) Bullying and Aggression on the school bus: school bus driver’s observations and suggestions. Journal of School Violence 7(3) p48 Faulkner,G. , Buliung, R., Flora, P., Fusco, C (2009) Active school transport, physical acitivity and body weight of children and Youth: a systematic review. Preventitive Medicine 48(1) pp3–8 Foucault, M. (1982) The subject and power. In Michel Foucault: beyond structuralism and hermeneutics. edited by H. Dreyfus and P. Rabinov. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Foucault (1991) Discipline and punish. London: Penguin. Hargreaves, L. (1997) Issues in Rural Education in Europe: a summary of a symposium on issues in rural education. Conference of Educational Research (Seville, Spain, 25-29 Sept 1996) Putnam, R. Handler, M., Ramirez Platt, C., Luiselii, J.(2003) Improving bus riding behaviour through a whole school intervention Journal of Applied behaviour Analysis 36(4) pp583–509 Shucksmith, M. (2000) Exclusive Countryside? Social inclusion and regeneration in rural areas. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation Storey, P and Brannen, J (2000) Young people and transport in rural areas. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation Toor, W and Havlick, S (2004) Transportation and sustainable campus communities. Washington DC: Island Press
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