05 SES 13, Urban Children and Youth at Risk & Urban Education
University students are constantly faces with multiple stressors from different aspects of their lives and the society. Transition from high school to university brings lots of challenges in youth’s life both in abroad and in Türkiye. Adjusting to university life, building up social networks, fulfilling developmental tasks have raised students’ stress level and contributed to the development of several psychiatric problems. Moreover, Turkish family system causes youths’ stress level raise. Because, instead of autonomy and individualism; close family ties, loyalty, and interdependence are supported in Turkish families (Okman-Fisek, 1982). Parents in Turkish culture think that their responsibility is to meet the all the needs of their sons or daughters. They think that they are helping their children by not giving any responsibility. Although there are some changes in metropolitan cities, especially in the urban regions, most adolescents continue to live with their parents over the age of 18 and this situation is accepted as normal. The most accepted reason for adolescent to leave home may be an university education. Hence, besides academic stress, leaving the protected family environment and facing with real life challenges can be very stressful for Turkish university students. They become vulnerable for the development of several psychiatric symptoms. The prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress were found as 27.1%, 47.1%, and 27% respectively (Bayram and Bilgel, 2008). Learned resourcefulness as a cognitive-behavioral repertoire for the regulation of internal events’ could be viewed as coping resource available for the individuals who faced with stressful situation (Rosenbaum, 1990). Individuals with a rich repertoire of coping skills may benefit more by facing the stressful situation than by avoiding it (Zlotogorski et al., 1995). Another study showed that high resourceful students utilized more problem-focused coping, more positive reappraisal, were more likely to seek social support, and less likely to use escape-avoidance strategies during exam (Akgün, 2004). Learned resourcefulness has been associated with various psychological conditions. Research findings reported that individuals with higher learned resourcefulness are less likely to become depressed (Huang et al., 2005), higher levels of alcohol consumption (Carey et al., 1990), better equipped to express their anger in healthier and less destructive ways (Kuehl, 1999) whereas individuals with lower resourcefulness have higher anxiety and loneliness (Hamana, Ronen and Feigin, 2000) and exhibiting eating disturbances and perceived less control over their styles (Kennett and Nisbet, 1998). Therefore, the aim of current study is to investigate the role of learned resourcefulness on the psychiatric symptoms of Turkish university students.
1. Akgün, S. (2004). The effects of situation and learned resourcefulness on coping responses. Social Behavior and Personality, 32(5), 441-448. 2. Bayram, N. & Bilgel, N. (2008). The prevalence and socio-demographic correlations of depression, anxiety and stress among a group of university students. Social Psychiatry Psychiatric Epidemiology, 43, 667–672. 3. Dağ, İ. (1991). Rosenbaum’un Öğrenilmiş Güçlülük Ölçeği (RÖGÖ)’nin üniversite öğrencileri için güvenirliği ve geçerliği. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, 2(4), 269-274. 4. Hamana, R., Ronen, T., & Feigin, R. (2000). Self-control, anxiety, and loneliness in siblings of children with cancer. Social Work in Health Care, 31(1), 63-83. 5. Huang, C., Sousa, V.D., Tu, S., Hwang, M. (2005). Depressive symptoms and learned resourcefulness among Taiwanese female adolescents. Archieves of Psyhiatric Nursing, 19(3), 133-140. 6. Kennett, D. J., & Nisbet, C. (1998). The influence of body mass index and learned resourcefulness skills on body image and life style practices. Patient Education and Counseling, 33, 1-12. 7. Kuehl, G. A. (1999). The effect of self-esteem and learned resourcefulness on the experience and expression of anger among college students. Unpublished master’ thesis, Truman State University, Missouri. 8. Okman-Fisek, G. (1982). Psychopathology and the Turkish Family: A family systems theory analysis. In Ç Kağıtçıbaşı (Ed.), Sex roles, family, & community in Turkey (pp. 295-321). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Turkish Studies. 9. Rosenbaum, M. (1990). The role of learned resourcefulness in the self-control of health behavior. In M. Rosenbaum (Eds.), Learned resourcefulness: On coping skills, self-control, and adaptive behavior (pp.3-30). New York: Springer. 10. Şahin, N.H. & Durak, A. (1994). Brief symptom inventory: adaptation for Turkish youth. Türk Psikolojik Dergisi, 9(31), 44-56. 11. Zlotogorski, Z., Tadnor, O., Duniec, E., Rabinowitz, R., & Diamant, Y. (1995). Anxiety levels of pregnant women during ultrasound examination: Coping styles, amount of feedback and learned resourcefulness. Ultrasound Obstetrics Gynecology, 6, 425-42.
Search the ECER Programme
- Search for keywords and phrases in "Text Search"
- Restrict in which part of the abstracts to search in "Where to search"
- Search for authors and in the respective field.
- For planning your conference attendance you may want to use the conference app, which will be issued some weeks before the conference
- If you are a session chair, best look up your chairing duties in the conference system (Conftool) or the app.