22 SES 01 C, Employability and Transition to Work of Higher Education Graduates
The proposed paper addresses the conference theme that focuses on education as “means to foster creative competences and innovative skills among the next generation”. It will deal with graduates from higher education and their experience with entrepreneurship in education and the development of entrepreneurial skills.
Entrepreneurship in education has been high on the European agenda the last 5–10 years. Many countries, among them Norway, have launched action plans to promote entrepreneurship education, not at least in higher education. The aim is to foster innovative and entrepreneurial skills, and that more young persons would establish own enterprises. The paper will use results of a survey among higher education graduates mapping the extent to which the graduates have participated in different forms of entrepreneurship education; their labour market situation six months after graduation, including whether or not being self-employed, and future plans concerning establishing of own enterprise. These questions allow for comparing the situation among graduates with and without experience with entrepreneurship education. Furthermore, the survey also includes follow up questions to those who have experience with entrepreneurship education, as they are asked several questions about the learning outcomes of this type of education.
The study is explorative as none other similar survey is known, at least at the European level. Nevertheless, the study builds on previous studies of the prevalence of entrepreneurship education and forms of entrepreneurship education (Dickson mfl. 2008; EU 2012; Hannon 2005; Kuratko 2005, Nabi, Holden og Walmsley 2010; NIRAS mfl. 2008; Rae mfl. 2012; Vestergaard mfl. 2012), and the development of intrapreneurship competencies (Bjørnåli and Støren 2012), the importance and possible effects of entrepreneurship education (Dickson mfl. 2008; EU 2012; Matlay 2008; Vestergaard mfl. 2012) as well studies concerned with learning outcome and employability more generally.
- How many graduates have had entrepreneurship in education during their study time?
- How many have taken different types of entrepreneurship education, that is, about, for, or through entrepreneurship? How comprehensive has the entrepreneurship education been?
- Are there any differences between graduates who have had entrepreneurship in education and other graduates with regard to the risk of unemployment, or with respect to the relevance of the education for the job they have?
- Are graduates who have had entrepreneurship in education more often self-employed than other graduates? Do they often think about starting up own business?
- What is their experienced, specific benefit of entrepreneurship education, in terms of knowledge and ideas on business creation, innovation processes, etc.?
Bjørnåli, E. & L. A. Støren (2012). Examining competence factor that encourage innovative Beahviour by European higher education graduate professionals. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 19 (3): 402–423. Dickson, P.H., Solomon, G.T. & K.M. Weaver (2008). Entreprenurial selection and success: does education matter? Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 15 (2): 239–258. European Commission (2012). Effects and impact of entrepreneurship programmes in higher education. Hannon, P.D. (2005). Philosophies of enterprise and entrepreneurship education and challenges for higher education in the UK. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 6 (2): 105–114. Kuratko, D. F. (2005).The Emergence of Entrepreneurship Education: Development, Trends, and Challenges. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29 (5): 577–598. Matlay, H. (2008). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial outcomes. Journal of Small Business and enterprise Developmen, 15 (2): 382–396. Nabi, G., Holden, R. & A. Walmsley (2010). Entrepreneurial intentions among students: towards a re-focuses research agenda. Journal of Small Business and enterprise Developmen, 17 (4): 537–551. NIRAS Consultants, FORA, ECON Pöyry (2008). Survey of Entrepreneurship in Higher education in Europe. Main Report. Rae, D., Martin, L., Antcliff, V. & P. Hannon (2012). Enterprise and entrepreneurship in English higher education: 2010 and beyond. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 19 (3): 380–401. Vestergaard, L. Moberg, K & C.Jørgensen (red.) (2012). Impact of Entrepreneurship Education in Denmark – 2011. Odense: Fonden for entreprenørskap/The Danish Foundation for Entrepreneurship – Young Enterprise.
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