04 SES 04 A, Policy Evaluation
In The Netherlands a major change is ahead in the national policy concerning children with special educational needs (SEN). The change consists in a shift of responsibility from a national to a regional level, with regard to deciding about the eligibility for additional funding or the admission to special education. On this regional level it will be up to cooperating local school boards to decide on the allocation of budgets for supporting children with SEN and on ways of defining the special arrangements available for those children. One of the policy goals behind this shift is the wish that in the future less children with educational needs will be referred to special schools and that education in mainstream schools will become more inclusive. Another goal, or at least policy expectation, is that this will also improve the educational careers of children with special educational needs.
An evaluation program on this new policy is now being developed by a special Evaluation Committee. The research presented here is part of this program and is meant to provide basic information on the present state of school careers and level of achievement of children that need extra care, both in mainstream and in special education. Repeated measurements in later years will make it possible to see whether the policy expectations will come true.
In the past, a few earlier studies were carried out in the Netherlands on school careers and school achievement of SEN-children. In this studies, comparisons were made to the cognitive and social development of children in special schools and the development of comparable SEN-children in mainstream schools (Peetsma et al, 2001; Jepma, 2003), by use of a
matching technique. In the research presented here, we were able to follow SEN-children in their school career, including moments of referral tot special education, and we used more information on the ‘SEN-types’ of distinguished groups.
The research questions to be answered are the following:
1) What is the development of the school careers of SEN-children in mainstream and special education, as compared to non-SEN-children?
2) Does the presence of SEN-children in mainstream classes affect the educational performance of non-SEN-children in these classes?
Cooney, G., Jahoda, A., Gumley, A., & Knott, F. (2006). Young people with intellectual disabilities attending mainstream and segregated schooling: perceived stigma, social comparison and future aspirations. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 50, 432-444. Head, G., & Pirrie, A. (2007). The place of special schools in a policy climate of inclusion. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 7 (2), 90-96. Jepma, IJ. (2003). De schoolloopbaan van risicoleerlingen in het primair onderwijs. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam (dissertation).. Kalambouka, A., Farrell, P., Dyson, A., & Kaplan, I. (2007). The impact of placing pupils with special educational needs in mainstream schools on the achievement of their peers. Educational Research, 49, 365-382. Peetsma, T., Vergeer, M., Roeleveld, J., & Karsten, S. (2001). Inclusion in Education: comparing pupils’ development in special and regular education. Educational Review, 53 (2), 125-135. Pirrie, A., Head, G., & Brna, P. (2006). Mainstreaming pupils with special educational needs. Glasgow: The SCRE Centre, Faculty of Education, University of Glasgow. Rix, J., Hall, K., Nind, M., Sheehy, K., & Wearmouth, J. (2009). What pedagogical approaches can effectively include children with special educational needs in mainstream classrooms? A systematic literature review. Support for Learning, 24 (2), 86–94. Ruijs, N., Veen, I. van der & Peetsma, T. (2010). Inclusive education and students without special educational needs. Educational Research, 52(4), 351-390. Smeets, E., Veen, I. van der, Derriks, M. & Roeleveld, J. (2007) Zorgleerlingen en leerlingenzorg op de basisschool. Nijmegen/Amsterdam: ITS/SCO-Kohnstamm Instituut. Veen, I. van der, Smeets, E., & Derriks, M. (2010). Pupils with special educational needs in the Netherlands: number, characteristics, and school career. Educational Research, 52 (1), 15-43.
- Search for keywords and phrases in "Text Search"
- Restrict in which part of the abstracts to search in "Where to search"
- Search for authors and in the respective field.
- For planning your conference attendance you may want to use the conference app, which will be issued some weeks before the conference
- If you are a session chair, best look up your chairing duties in the conference system (Conftool) or the app.