28 SES 02, Standards, Knowledges and Assessment
This communication proposes to enlighten some different politics driven by the European policy of standards in the society of knowledge (Lawn, 2011). If market and competition are often described as important neo-liberal drivers in the agenda of the European Commission, the policy of standards implement other political technologies related to a worldwide circulation of tools from New Public Management and quality insurance (Busch, 2011). These new political technologies challenge the State and its capacity to edict legal norms to govern education systems while new actors (experts and stakeholders) are involved in the design of European standards at the opposite of classical modes of representation of interests (polity) (Lawn, Normand, 2014a; Normand, 2014b). These technologies legitimates new forms of political liberalism and procedures in decision-making at European level. The process of rationalization of a European government by objectives transforms also the formats of information used by policy-makers (indicators, benchmarks, best practices). At least, political technologies shape a new individual agency of the Lifelong Learner in delegitimizing the statist or communitarian modes of responsibility and solidarity in which education is experienced as a collective good (Normand, 2014c). Through an opposition between standardization of objects and normalization of practices, the communication will propose a reflexive account on the way these politics reduce the ontology of human beings in underestimating the variety of modes of their involvement in the social world and their attachment to different principles of justice (Star, 1991, Lampland & Leigh Star, 2008; Thévenot, 2002, 2009). It will use some theoretical concepts of the French pragmatist sociology to reflect on the possibility of a new criticism (Boltanski, Thévenot, 1999, Boltanski, Chiapello, 2005).
Boltanski, Luc & Laurent Thévenot (2006) On Justification: Economies of Worth, Princeton: Princeton University Press. Boltanski, L., Chiapello (Ève), (2005) The Role of criticism in the dynamics of capitalism in: Max Miller (Ed), Worlds of Capitalism: Institutions, Economics, Performance and Governance in the Era of Globalisation, Routledge, London. Boltanski, L., & Thevenot, L. (1999). The Sociology of Critical Capacity. European Journal of Social Theory, 2(3), 359–377 Busch, L. (2011). Standards: recipes for reality (p. 390). Cambridge, MA and London: MIT Press. Lampland, M. & Leigh Star S. (eds.) (2008) Standards and Their Stories: How Quantifying, Classifying, and Formalizing Practices Shape Everyday Life (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press). Lawn, M. (2011). Standardizing the European Education Policy Space. European Educational Research Journal, 10(2), 259-272 Normand R., (2014a) (Forthcoming), avec Martin Lawn, Actors, Tools, Ideas and Structures in the shaping of European education. London: Routledge. Normand R., (2014b) (Forthcoming) Boundary Objects, Translations, Irreversibility. The Policy Tools Borrowing from Local to Global in Education. In Lawn M., Martens K., Normand R. (coord.) Actors, Tools, Ideas and Structures in the shaping of European education. London: Routledge. Normand R., (2014c) (Forthcoming) “Constructing the Lifelong Learning Self: European policies and the sense of justice” in Marcella Milana M. (ed.), Holford (J.) (eds), Adult education policy and the European union: Theoretical and ethodological issues , ESREA Book Series: Research on the Education and Learning of Adults (Sense Publishers) Star, Susan Leigh (1991) 'Power, Technology and the Phenomenology of Conventions: On Being Allergic to Onions', in J. Law (ed.), A Sociology of Monsters? Power, Technology and the Modern World, Sociological Review Monograph 38 (Oxford: Basil Blackwell): 27-57. Thévenot L., (2002) “Which Road to Follow? The Moral Complexity of an “equipped Humanity” in Law John, Mol Annemarie (eds) Complexities: Social Studies of Knowledge Practices, Durham and London, Duke University Press, pp.53-87. Thévenot, L., (2009), "Governing Life by Standards. A View from Engagements", Social Studies of Science vol. 39, n°5, October, pp.793-813.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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