08 SES 07 JS, Conceptual and Empirical Perspectives on Student Wellbeing
Joint Paper Session NW 08 and NW 14
The aim of the this study is to examine the effect of parental suppoertiveness and psychological control on relational self and well-being. Controlling parents are characterized by a lack of interpersonal bound-aries between their members, which hinders the development of children’s healthy individuation. Children are not allowed to have their own lives and experiences. In such families, parents use control to keep family members within strictly defined family boundaries (Barber & Buehler, 1996). A distinction between two domain-specific expressions of psychological control that is dependency-oriented and achievement-oriented psychological control (Soenens..). Dependency develops in families where parents manipulate the attachment bond with the child and use their love and care to control the child. Specifically, love and acceptance are made contin-gent on the child’s dependence on the parents.Control-ling parents have also been described as achievement oriented (Kenney-Benson & Pomerantz, 2005), self-critical and perfectionist (Flett,Hewitt, MacDonald, & Oliver, 2002), and high on fear failure (Elliot & Thrash, 2004). Achievement-oriented parents, as they pressure themselves to achieve high performance and as they perceive poor performance as a threat to their self-worth, are likely to behave in a controlling way toward their children (Grolnick, 2003).
Considering this theoretical point of view the current study focused on the relations between parental controlling and adolescents’ well-being ( i.e., positve and negative affect, flourshing) and also their functioning in school and social relationships. In discussion about parent education or training for improving of effective parenting is presented.
Barber, B. K., & Buehler, C. (1996). Family cohesion and enmeshment: Different constructs, different effects.Journal of Marriage and the Family, 58, 433–441. Kenney-Benson, G. A., & Pomerantz, E. M. (2005). The role of mothers’ use of control in children’s perfectionism: Implications for the development of de-pressive symptoms.Journal of Personality, 73, 23–46. Flett, G. L., Hewitt, P. L., Oliver, J. M., & MacDonald, S. (2002). Perfectionism in children and their parents: A developmental analysis. In G. L. Flett & P. L. Hewitt (Eds.),Perfectionism: Theory, research, and treatment(pp. 89–132). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Elliot, A. J., & Thrash, T. M. (2004). The intergenerational transmission of fear of failure. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 957–971. Grolnick, W. S. (2003).The psychology of parental control: How well-meant par-enting backfires. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Lanza, S. T., Flaherty, B. P., & Collins, L. M. (2003). Latent class and latent transition analysis. In J. A. Schinka & W. E. Velicer (Eds.), Handbook of psychology: Research methods in psychology (pp. 663–685). New York, NY: Wiley. Vermunt, J. K., & Magidson, J. (2002). Latent class cluster analysis. In J.A. Hagenaars & A. L. McCutcheon (Eds.), Applied latent class analysis (pp. 89-106). Cambridge,UK: Cambridge University Press. Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., & Luyten, P. (2010). Toward a Domain‐Specific Approach to the Study of Parental Psychological Control: Distinguishing Between Dependency‐Oriented and Achievement‐Oriented Psychological Control. Journal of personality, 78(1), 217-256.
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