17 SES 04, Paper Session
Recently historians of education have been pointed towards the value of sounds and silences in order to come up with new frameworks that might enable researchers to better understand the complex ways in which education historically has been shaped (Verstraete, Hoegaerts & Goodman, 2016). In this presentation we would like to couple this acoustical perspective to another recent plea, namely the inclusion of emotions in the toolbox of the historian of education. The emotion that will be focused on is shyness (Sobe, 2012). The school indeed is one of those sites where children who are not as eager as other children to engage themselves in social life are increasingly diagnosed as shy or silent children. Especially psychology contributed to this emotional problematization of an acoustic way of being (preferring being silent rather than speaking out loud) (Lane, 2008). Although several cultural histories of shyness already do exist – one for instance can refer to the recent book of Moran Shrinking violets: The secret life of shyness, the excellent American overview Shrinking violets and Caspar Milquetoasts: Shyness, power, and intimacy in the United States, 1950-1995 by McDaniel or the 2006 study published by Scott on The medicalization of shyness – it seems that the role attributed to education has not yet been fully explored. In this presentation the question will be asked when and to what extent education became part of the problem, in the sense that the early educational experiences were identified as causal factors of the psychological disfunctioning. On top of that we will zoom in on how education not only was seen as part of the things that caused the psychological problem, but actually also was looked at when it came down to suggesting ways to overcome shyness. Both inside the school as well as outside of the school initiatives were deployed to learn children as well as adults to cope with/overcome their psychological problem. The research period will run from the end of the nineteenth century up till the eighties of the twentieth century. the source material will consist of Dutch and French publications about shyness that were retrieved by exploring the collections of the national French Library François Mitterand, the Royal Library of Belgium and the Royal Library of the Netherlands. In addition to existing scholarship within the field of history of education, the main idea that underlies the presentation is not so much to frame the history of the silent shy within theories of medicalization (Cohen, 1983), but to unravel some of the ways in which psychological thinking and practices increasingly have gained ground in education throughout the twentieth century (Gleason, 1999).
I will make use of Dutch, French and Belgian source material running from the end of the nineteenth century up till the 1980's. These publications will be gathered by exploring the collections from the Belgian, Dutch and French national libraries by making use of the words verlegenheid, verlegen, timidité and timide.
We believe the case study on the history of shyness might enable us to contribute to ongoing historiographical discussions about the way education and psychology have interacted with one another throughout the twentieth century as well as reveal the role played by education in the history of shyness itself - something which the majority of the existing studies have kind of neglected.
•Cohen, S. (1983). The mental hygiene movement, the development of personality and the school: The medicalization of American education. History of Education Quarterly, 23(2), 123-149. •Gleason, M. L. (1999). Normalizing the ideal: Psychology, schooling, and the family in postwar Canada (Vol. 10). University of Toronto Press. •Lane, C. (2006). How shyness became an illness: a brief history of social phobia. Common Knowledge, 12(3), 388-409. •Lane, C. (2008). Shyness: How normal behavior became a sickness. Yale University Press. •McDaniel, P. (2003). Shrinking violets and Caspar Milquetoasts: Shyness, power, and intimacy in the United States, 1950-1995 (Vol. 40). NYU Press. •Moran, J. (2017). Shrinking Violets: The Secret Life of Shyness. Yale University Press. •Sobe, N. W. (2012). Researching emotion and affect in the history of education. History of Education, 41(5), 689-695. •Scott, S. (2006). The medicalisation of shyness: from social misfits to social fitness. Sociology of Health & Illness, 28(2), 133-153. •Verstraete, P., Hoegaerts, J., & Goodman, J. (2016). Educational soundscapes: Sounds and silences in the history of education. Special issue Paedagogica Historica
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
The programme is updated regularly (each day in the morning)
- Search for keywords and phrases in "Text Search"
- Restrict in which part of the abstracts to search in "Where to search"
- Search for authors and in the respective field.
- For planning your conference attendance you may want to use the conference app, which will be issued some weeks before the conference
- If you are a session chair, best look up your chairing duties in the conference system (Conftool) or the app.