Side Event WS 02, When Groups Matter! Applying the Delphi Survey Method in Education Science
Workshop - pre-registration required
The aim of this workshop is to familiarise emerging researchers and other interested participants with the Delphi method of research – a less well known and applied survey method in education sciences. Its objectives are:
- To introduce the development, purpose and early implementations of the Delphi method
- To familiarise workshop participants with the various ways of implementing this survey method in education science
- To assist participants in the qualitative and quantitative evaluation of data generated using the Delphi survey method, as well demonstrate the presentation of data in survey ‘rounds’
- To generate ideas and discussion among participants about how they might apply this method in their respective areas of research
The underlying philosophy of the Delphi approach is that group assessments of a given topic are more valid than individual assessments. The Delphi method is therefore applied when a group perspective is required. An iterative and reflective research approach, Delphi follows survey rounds in which respondents are asked not just to answer questions but are, in turn, encouraged to reconsider their answers in light of other respondents’ anonymous feedback. The aim of this approach can be to aggregate ideas, reach stability or convergence on open questions, or to attain consensus among expert respondents.
The method was initially developed at the beginning of the cold war to forecast future technological needs by the US military (Dalkey, 1969). Delphi has since been implemented in social policy and health care studies as a group facilitation method (e.g. Adler and Ziglio, 1996; Hasson et al., 2000). In education science, it has been applied in the field of vocational education to assist in research development (Brosi et al., 2003); in the area of teacher training, it has been used to determine the core educational topics that should be taught to prospective teachers (Kunina-Habenicht et al., 2012). The Delphi method has also been used in intercultural education in developing effective methods for the inclusion of and support for migrant and minority learners (Rösselet, 2012; Sprott, 2014).
The workshop facilitators have direct experience with both open and closed formats, and qualitative and quantitative analysis via a multistage Delphi study conducted among researchers of language education throughout Germany (Gogolin et al., 2017). The aim of this study was to determine the most pressing research questions – i.e. those considered most in need of attention – by the panel of expert researchers. Workshop participants will be guided through the stages of this Delphi study, the chosen formats, data analysis, and data interpretation. Participants will also be presented with datasets for individual and group activities. The purpose of this particular Delphi study was to assist in the development of the research field by aggregating open research questions. Nonetheless, it should be emphasised that such a study is relevant to all aspects of educational research (and not just language education) and we would encourage emerging researchers of varying backgrounds and different research interests to join this workshop.
We ask that participants provide us with a brief summary of their research interests & projects
Adler, M., and Ziglio, E. (1996). Gazing into the Oracle. The Delphi Method and its Application to Social Policy and Public Health. London and Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Brosi, W. et al. (2003). Delphi-Erhebung zur Identifikation von Forschungs- und Entwicklungsaufgaben in der beruflichen Aus- und Weiterbildung. Schriftenreihe des Bundesinstituts für Berufsbildung. Bonn: Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung. Dalkey, N.C. (1969). The Delphi Method: An Experimental Study of Group Opinion. Santa Monica: Rand. Gogolin, I. et al. (2017). Research on Multilingualism and Language Education Identifying Research Needs via The Delphi Method – Some Preliminary Findings: https://www.kombi.uni-hamburg.de/en/delphi-study.html. Hasson, F. et al. (2000). Research guidelines for the Delphi survey technique. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 32(4), 1008-1015. Kunina-Habenicht, O. et al. (2012). Welche bildungswissenschaftlichen Inhalte sind wichtig in der Lehrerbildung? Ergebnisse einer Delphi-Studie. Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft, 15, 649-682. Rösselet, S. (2012). ExpertInnen machen Schule. Ergebnisse einer Delphibefragung zur Förderung von SchülerInnen mit Migrationshintergrund. Wiesbaden: Springer VS. Sprott, K. (2014). Culturally Competent Common Core Practices: A Delphi Study. Journal of Research Initiatives, 1(2), Article 8. Available at: http://digitalcommons.uncfsu.edu/jri/vol1/iss2/8.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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