15 SES 04, Collaboration with the Community
Parallel Paper Session
Over the last decade, educational partnerships have proliferated across Europe. Some have developed in response to the European Commission recommended strategies for 2010 and for 2020. The EC has promoted an impressive number of projects under the framework of the Leonardo da Vinci programme, whose aims are: to strengthen the link between the various ‘actors’ involved in vocational training, to improve the quality, European dimension and visibility of activities or issues of common interest in the field of vocational and educational training. Project partnerships have become vehicles for fundamental educational actions and reforms. Many of the partnerships have delivered training services to students and teaching staff, have improve education or resulted in systemic changes. Partners undertaking joint endeavors vary greatly in size and collaboration potential. Partnership relationships are built among different organisations and involve a variety of players capable of contributing to the partnership objectives. Its members may include local authorities, chambers of commerce, trade organisations for employers and employees (social partners), companies, including small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and research and vocational training centres, including universities. Inclusion of political decision-makers, such as local and regional authorities, will ensure the durability of the partnership.
Partnerships state their objectives and deliverables, both tangible and non-tangible, in realistic terms. Major objectives of Leonardo da Vinci partnerships involve: cooperation between VET actors, enterprises, economic sectors, social partners and training organisations on a sectoral basis, identification of the trends and skills requirements in this area and improvement of the anticipated benefit of vocational training programmes, the dissemination of the results of work undertaken.
Throughout the life time of a LdV project the partnership undergoes at least three major stages which impact the outcomes of the project: the building up of the partnership stage, the project implementation stage when the partners work together towards reaching the desired aims, and the post implementation stage (evaluation stage).
It is against this compelx background that the paper examines the requisites that ensure healthy and succesful Leonardo da Vinci partnerships in the field of VET by discussing projects in which the Romanian Tourism Training Centre was a partner. The paper goes out from the identification of the aims of partnerships in general, looks at the reasons that contribute to the selection of project partners in an attempt to highlight the factors that ensure success to partnerships and avert on the factors that may hinder the fulfilment of the project aims. The issues tackled are to do with: looking for partners, finding partners, choosig from a list of potential partners the ones that are most likely to ensure the fulfilment of tasks, establishing the conditions for collaboration, setting up communication mechanisms, drawing up a firm timetable, ensuring an effective coordination based on a permanent and firm monitoring, realistic evaluation of progress and results. Additional research variables are communication- and educational management-related.
1. Council of the European Union, Europe 2020: a new European strategy for jobs and growth:European Council Presidency Conclusions 25-26 March 2010, http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en (cited on 10/08/2011) 2. CEDEFOP, 2010, A bridge to the future. European policy for vocational education and training 2002-10, http://www. cedefop.europa.eu/EN/Files/3058_en_pdf (cited on 10/08/2011) 3. Council of the European Union (2009a). Conclusions of the Council and the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council, of 12 May 2009 on enhancing partnerships between education and training institutions and social partners, in particular employers, in the context of lifelong learning. 4. Council of the European Union (2009b). Council conclusions on a strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training (ET 2020). Official Journal of the European Union, C 119, 28.5.2009, p. 2-10. 5. CEDEFOP Briefing Note, Providing evidence to improve policies, January 2011 6. Leonardo da Vinci Romania, Compendium 2002, Pilot projects, National Centre for the Vocational Training Programme Leonardo da Vinci 7. Humphrey, Donna, Intercultural communication Competence: The state of knowledge, London, Ed. Arnold, 2003. 8. Walshe, John, A new partnership in education: from consultation to legislation in the nineties, Institute of Public Administration, 1999. 9. Constantinescu, Ileana, Mondialisation-culture-communication interculturale : Communication interculturelle dans le cadre de la francophonie, Bucureşti, Ed. Milena Press, 2005. 10. Constantinescu-Ştefănel Ruxandra, Techniques de communication dans la négociation, Bucureşti, Ed. A.S.E, 2006. 11. Coposescu, Liliana, Institutional talk and intercultural communication in Multinational Companies - Corpus of Spoken Interactions in English, Ed. Universitatii “Transilvania”, Braşov,2008.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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