22 SES 01 C, Employability and Transition to Work of Higher Education Graduates
The purpose of this paper is to mark out and describe different types of combination between university studies with work that university students in Yaroslavl region in Russia employ, and to analyze the influence of student employment on academic achievement.
In relevant literature we have found two main frameworks for assessing the consequences of an increasing number of working university students in Russia as well as in Europe. The first one refers to academic achievement and drop-out rates among working students compared to those who don’t work (Rochford, Connolly, Drennan, 2009; Derous, Ryan, 2008).Such works are usually based on the assumption that the time spent on work is taken away from studying. Therefore working while studying negatively influences academic achievement and increases a possibility of drop-out. But research evidence on this topic usually shows that the connection between student employment and academic achievement isn’t that straight forward but it is rather mediated by such factors as job content and a number of hours spent at the workplace (Beerkens, Mägi, Lill, 2011; McKechnie, Hobbs, Simpson, Anderson, Howieson, Semple, 2010).
The second framework focuses on the influence of student employment on his/her further integration into labour market (Robert, Saar, 2012; Pemberton, Jewell, Faggian, King, 2012). Due to the longitudinal design of our study we have an opportunity to unite both mentioned frameworks in the analysis of types of combining university studies with work as elements of educational and career trajectories of students and graduates: to study connection of student employment and academic achievement as well as its influence on further university-to-work transition. We view trajectories in the domains of education and career as aspects of life trajectories rather than as separate paths because it seems difficult to draw a line between them especially in the context of lifelong learning conception (Cooksey, Rindfuss, 2001).
The objective of our research on this phase of the study (the first wave of the longitudinal research) refers to one of the most pertinent topics of the institutional discourse: influence of student employment on academic achievement. Therefore the main purpose of this paper is to analyze influence of different types of combining work with studies on academic achievement among university students of Yaroslavl region in Russia. We are going to answer the following questions:
- What types of combining studies with work can be defined?
- How different types of combining studies with work influence academic achievement?
- Do students who work during studies profit in terms of academic achievement compared to those who do not work?
Beerkens M., Mägi E., Lill L. (2011) University studies as a side job: causes and consequences of massive student employment in Estonia. High Education 61, pp. 679–692 Cooksey E.C., Rindfuss R.R. Patterns of Work and Schooling in Young Adulthood. / Sociological Forum, Vol. 16, No. 4 (Dec., 2001), pp. 731-755 Derous E., Ryan A.M. (2008) When earning is beneficial for learning: The relation of employment and leisure activities to academic outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior 73, pp. 118–131 Hakkinen I. (2006) Working while enrolled in a university: does it pay? Labour Economics 13, pp. 167–189 Hall R. (2010): The work–study relationship: experiences of full‐time university students undertaking part‐time employment, Journal of Education and Work, 23:5, 439-449 McKechnie J., Hobbs S., Simpson A., Anderson S., Howieson C., Semple S. (2010): School students’ part‐time work: understanding what they do / Journal of Education and Work, 23:2, 161-175 Moreau M.-P., Leathwood C. (2006): Graduates' employment and the discourse of employability: a critical analysis, Journal of Education and Work, 19:4, 305-324 Pemberton, J., Jewell, S., Faggian, A., King, Z. (2012) Higher education as a portfolio investment: students’ choices about studying, term time employment, leisure, and loans. Oxford Economic Papers. ISSN 1464-3812 doi: 10.1093/oep/gps026 Robert P., Saar E. (2012) Learning and Working: The Impact of the ‘Double Status Position’ on the Labour Market Entry Process of Graduates in CEE Countries. European Sociological Review, Vol 28, N 6, pp. 742–754 Rochford C., Connolly M., Drennan J. (2009) Paid part-time employment and academic performance of undergraduate nursing students. Nurse Education Today 29, pp. 601–606
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