01 SES 05.5 PS, General Poster Session
General Poster Session
The current labor market requires people to have a number of abilities, skills and competencies that enable rapid and adequate social and labor adaptation to new market demands. Within these demands, the professional self-esteem means a major pillar to achieve success in today's labor market. So, the lower the self-esteem of individuals when seeking employment, the greater difficulty in overcoming the obstacles that they should face during their professional development. Thus, people with low self-esteem had less aspirations and labor achievements compared to those with high self-esteem who would face in an easier way the difficulties that may arise. According to Coopersmith (1981: 31), "people with high self-esteem remain constant images of their abilities and / or skills, play a more active role in their social groups and express their views frequently and with affectivity." Therefore having a high level of self-esteem contribute to positively overcome all the obstacles and difficulties that may arise throughout their life, because attitude and positive aptitude when facing a problem will increase chances of success.
People with low self-esteem feel insecure, has no confidence in their own potential and they are afraid of making a mistake. Sheeman (2000: 29) argues that "a person with low self-esteem is usually someone insecure, has no self confidence in their abilities and do not want to make decisions for fear of making mistakes. They also need the social approval because they feel inferior”. People with low self-esteem have greater difficulties to develop themselves in all aspects of their lives because their low self- esteem determines a negative attitude when overcoming various obstacles and solve different problems. They do not have confidence in themselves either, causing them to feel inferior to others, resulting in great insecurity and, as a consequence, difficulty in making their own decisions.
Professional self-esteem is a major factor to be taken into account in the professional career of unemployed people due to the unfavorable labor situation, social inequality and economic uncertainty. For Vidal (2003) professional self-esteem "means features as self-reliance, creativity, ability to interact with others, and to be sure obout personal goals" and, according to Echeverría (1991:88), professional self-esteem is related to the "sense of industriousness," defined as "the activation of the creative potential of young people, which will lead to make things right, to be satisfied and all of these, in the company of the people around them". He also highlights the importance of having a positive self-esteem in the professional field, in order to achieve a better perception of reality, better interpersonal communication, better stress tolerance and better adaptability to changes.
This research has tried to understand how this factor influences the processes of job search and labor market integration to the unemployed. For that, we have established the following research objectives:
- Analyze how unemployed people see themselves.
- Identify profiles of low and high professional esteem in unemployed people.
- Study the attitudes that unemployed people have in relation to employment.
- Know the expectations of unemployed people in relation to finding a job soon.
Coopersmith, S. (1981). Inventario de autoestima. En: Espejo, J. (1998). Cómo mejorar la autoestima en los niños de educación primaria (185). Ed. San Marcos. Echeverría, B. (1991). Actitudes de los jóvenes ante el trabajo. En Actas de las VI Jomadas de Orientación Escolar y Profesional. Madrid: Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (CIDE). Sheeman, E. (2000). Cómo mejorar tu autoestima. Ed. Océano. Madrid. Vidal, L. (2005). La autoestima en las empresas. Consultado en www.gestiopolis.com el 19 de Enero de 2014.
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