18 SES 05.5 PS, General Poster Session
General Poster Session
Health and health behaviour of young people is an extremely important topic because this is the age when they learn and adopt such patterns which will have essential effects on their later lives (Rácz 2005). From the behavioural aspects the most threatening factors are health inactivity and risk behaviour (smoking, alcohol or drug consumption, early sexual activity). Unhealthy eating habits and inactive life was considered to be the most important risk factors in 2010 in the whole world (Lim et al. 2012). From the elements of health behaviour, regular physical activity (60 minutes of medium intensity activity per day is acceptable (Strong et al (2005)), and doing sports is important even more so because regular activity during adolescent age is beneficial for an active life in adulthood (Telama et al 2005). However, it is a problem that according to international recommendations (Strong et al. 2005), Hungarian adolescents and youth do not do as much sports as they need to (Halmai-Németh 2010, Perényi 2014).
We agree with the scholars who think that one should start doing physical exercises in early childhood, preferably in school because childhood physical activity have decisive effects on the quality of later life physical activity (Bognár et al 2005).
The school system, and especially physical education is aimed at shaping the physical appearance (Kirk 1998) and soul (Rose 1990) of the children. Many researches have confirmed the effects of physical education lesson on daily physical activity (Morgan et al 2007), short-range effects on health, for example overweight (Drake et al 2012), psychological health (Mather et al 2002) and being fit (Carrel et al 2005). Thus the statement of Mikulán (2013) could well be justified: it says that the introduction of everyday physical education is a significant turning point in the teaching of P. E. Health behaviour of students may turn to permanently positive with the help of physical education.
According to an American study conducted in 2003 almost all parents (95%) think that regular physical activity helps their children to achieve better results in school. (National Association for Sport and Physical Education 2003). On the World Youth Day in March 2014 a public opinion poll was conducted via telephone and it has revealed that third of the parents have noticed the positive effects of the everyday physical education and according to their opinion regular physical activity has positive effects on the behaviour, general mood and learning performance of their child.
The effect of the University of Debrecen on the quality of life is apparent. Thus its role requires its goals to be carried out in a pre-planned and gradually fashioned way. Elements of the related strategy facilitate the closely related programs and thus its benefits are unquestionable in the Northern region regarding social, economical and global development.
The aim of our research is to find out how important physical education (that is, P.E. lesson) is for those questioned (elementary school children, university students). Does level of popularity decrease with the students involved getting older?
Moreover, we also wish to seek the opinion of parents about the importance and necessity of the introduction of everyday physical education. We have also studied the positive and negative attitudes and their values that are present among schoolchildren regarding everyday physical education.
We wish to see the differences, if any, among students whose education is funded by the state and those who pay for their own tuition, regarding the level of university sports life and their satisfaction thereof.
Bognár József – Tóth László – Baumgartner Eszter – Salvara Marina I. (2005): Tanulás, célok és testnevelés: Előtanulmány az általános iskola felől. In: IV. Országos Sporttudományi Kongresszus Tanulmánykötet II., 29‒34. Carrel, A. L. and colleagues (2005): Improvement of fitness, body composition, and insulin sensitivity in overweight children in a school-based exercise program: a randomized, controlled study. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 159 (10), 963–968. Drake, K. M. and colleagues (2012): Influence of sports, physical education, and active commuting to school on adolescent weight status. Pediatrics 130 (2), 296 - 304. Halmai Réka – Németh Ágnes (2010): Fizikai aktivitás es szabadidős tevékenységek. In. Ágnes Németh - András Költő (eds.): Serdülőkorú fiatalok egészsége és életmódja 2010. Az Iskoláskorú gyermekek egészségmagatartása című, az Egészségügyi Világszervezettel együttműködésben zajló nemzetközi kutatás 2010. évi felméréséből készült nemzeti jelentés Budapest: Országos Gyermekegészségügyi Intézet Kirk, D. (1998). Schooling bodies: school practice and public discourse 1880 - 1950. London: Leicester University Press LIM, S. S.and et. (2012): A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet, 380 (9859), 2224–60. Mather, A. S. and colleagues (2002): Effects of exercise on depressive symptoms in older adults with poorly responsive depressive disorder: randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry 180, 411 – 415. Mikulán Rita (2013): Az iskolai testnevelés szerepe és jelentősége az egészségfejlesztésben. Új Pedagógiai Szemle 63 (7-8), 48 - 69. Morgan, C.F. – Beighle, A - Pangrazi, R.P. (2007): Coordinated school health programs and academic achievement: A systematic review of the literature. Journal of School Health 77, 589-600. National Association for Sport and Physical Education (2003): Parents’ views of children’s health and fitness: A summary of results. Reston Strong, W. B.- Malina, R. M.- Blimkie, C. J. R. (2005): Evidence based physical activity for schoolage youth. Journal of Pediatrics 14, 732–737. Perényi Szilvia (2014): A magyar fiatalok sportolási szokásai. In. Szilvia Perényi ed.) A mozgás szabadsága! A szabadidősport társadalmi, gazdasági és egészségügyi megközelítései. Elméletek és kutatási eredmények a gyakorlat szolgálatában. Debrecen: Debreceni Egyetem Gazdaságtudományi Kar. 48 – 64. Rose, N. S. (1990). Governing the soul. New York: Free Association Books. Telema, R. - Yang, X. - Viikari, J. - Valimaki, I. - Wanne, O. - Raitakari, O. (2005): Physical activity from childhood to adulthood: A 21-year tracking study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 9., 267–273.
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