27 SES 13 B JS, Teaching Traditions and Learning in Physical Education and Science Education (Part 2)
Symposium Joint Session NW 18 with NW 27 continues from 27 SES 12 B JS
Within institutionalised educational activities one of, if not the, most important factor for students’ learning is the teacher’s manner of teaching. In this symposium we will present the framework and some of the results from a project where we are identifying teaching traditions – manners of teaching that many teachers use – within science education and physical education and analysing the pros and cons of each of the traditions regarding learning. In other words, the project focuses on the institutional dimension of learning, by identifying limits and possibilities for learning offered by different teaching traditions. The results of this research will then, from the perspective of cooperative engineering (Sensevy et al 2013), be tested in use together with practicing teachers in order to evaluate their potential for helping teachers cope with important didactic choices in planning, realizing and evaluating their teaching.
The project builds on a comparative didactics approach (Caillot 2007; Mercier, Schubauer-Leoni & Sensevy 2002) in combination with a pragmatic perspective on teaching and learning. The ambition is to search for as many different teaching traditions as possible in order to optimize the possibility to find effective and fruitful teaching approaches. Therefore, the project includes participants from various contexts in three countries; France, Sweden and Switzerland.
Teaching is only possible through the process of inclusion and exclusion of content (Englund 1986). The term privileging, coined by Wertsch (1998), explicate the fact that also the learning process includes choices (cf. Almqvist & Östman 2006). The term draws attention to the fact that participants in the learning process valuate and judge certain artefacts, meetings, questions, and so forth, as reasonable and fruitful, while others, though fully conceivable, are ignored or disregarded.
The privileging that takes place during meaning-making directs learning in a certain direction and toward certain content (i.e. Wickman & Östman 2002) and is limited by the institutional "boundaries" in which knowledge, teaching and learning unfold. Focusing on the didactical aspects of education, we search for the connections between selective traditions (cf. Östman 1996, Quennerstedt 2006), teachers’ manners of teaching (cf. Lundqvist et al 2012) and students’ privileging (cf. Almqvist & Östman 2006). These three concepts deal with the fact that activities as education, teaching and learning are constituted by selection of content and teaching strategies.
In our analyses we are interested to find out what role encounters with the teacher has for students’ privileging and learning. Especially we are interested to find out which role the manner of teaching has for students’ learning of habits of privileging and what effect certain habits have for the learning outcome. The learning of specific habits of privileging is occurring in the interplay between students’ earlier knowledge and experiences, the interaction with peers and the manners of teaching (Lundqvist et al 2012).
Studies in comparative didactics may be productive in that they contribute with knowledge about different ways of the teaching and learning of specific subject content (Caillot 2007). The differences and similarities identified in the studies will help to describe teaching learning in each school subject more precisely and thereby generate new knowledge about different school subjects. In order to maximize the finding of different teaching traditions we make i) investigations in four subjects – physics, chemistry, biology and physical education and health – in Sweden, France and Switzerland and ii) comparative investigations within these four subjects between the three countries and iii) comparative investigation between these four subjects and between countries.
Almqvist, J., Östman, L. (2006). Privileging and Artifacts: On the use of information technology in science education. Interchange, 37(3): 225-250 Caillot, M. (2007). The Building of a New Academic Field: the case of French didactiques. European Educational Research Journal, 6(2), 125-130. Englund, T. (1986). Curriculum as a political problem. Changing educational conceptions, with special reference to citizenship education. Lund: Studentlitteratur/Chartwell-Bratt. Lundqvist, E., Almqvist, J., & Östman, L. (2012). Institutional traditions in teachers’ manners of teaching. Cultural Studies of Science Education, 7(1), 111-127. Mercier, A., Schubauer-Leoni, M. L., & Sensevy, Gérard. (2002). Vers une didactique comparée. Revue Française de Pédagogie, 141(Numéro thématique), 5-16. Quennerstedt, M. (2006). Att lära sig hälsa. Örebro Studies in Education 15. Sensevy, G., Forest, D., Quilio, S. & Morales, G. (2013). Cooperative engineering as a specific design-based research. ZDM, The International Journal on Mathematics Education, 45(7), 1031-1043 Wertsch, J. V. (1998). Mind as action. New York, Oxford University Press. Wickman, P.-O., & Östman, L. (2002). Learning as discourse change: A sociocultural mechanism. Science Education, 86; 601-623. Östman, L. (1996). Discourse, discursive meanings and socialization in chemistry education. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 28 (1); 37-55.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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