22 SES 09 D, Universities and Partnerships
At the European Union exists different initiatives against to sexual harassment at the workplace. On the one hand, the Convention 111 of the International Labour Organization (ILO) against discrimination in employment addresses the issue of harassment at the workplace, especially discrimination towards worker women. In 2003, the ILO adopted a code of practice and measures (recommendation No. 19) about violence at the workplace, concretely in the sector of services. Its aim was to combat sexual harassment, offering guidance and advice. In 1992, EU adopted the "code of conduct", in which it is requested Member States taking action against to sexual harassment and, in 2002 adopted a directive which establishes its prohibition. On the other hand, we find the directive 2006/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 on the implementation of the principle of equal opportunities and equal treatment between men and women in matters of employment and occupation, which defining sexual harassment as a discriminatory situation that must be prohibited and punished appropriately in all sectors.
In the same way, the Conference of Spanish University Rectors (2006) stated that it was necessary to develop protocols against harassment at work, which it would include: a few general principles of conduct in the institution, and the development of a code of ethics for teachers and administrative staff and services. These protocols would constitute a framework to psychosocial risk prevention, for any intervention system as well as the establishment of an internal procedure of management of complaints and disputes at the institution that ensures the justice of its resolutions and prevent reprisals towards the actors.
The research of Bosch, Ferrer, Navarro, Ferreiro, Ramis, and Escarrer (2011) highlights the concern of Spanish universities to prevent and eradicate situations of sexual harassment in the context of university through drafting a Protocol. Plans that include prevention of sexual harassment, the need to collect data about its incidence and take punitive measures. However, which actions are taken in European universities? Are there protocols and procedures in universities against sexual harassment? The aim of the present project is to examine which measures and protocols on sexual harassment exists at the universities of southern Europe(Portugal, Greece and Italy), which characteristics share, and compared these actions to the European policy framework in the context of universities in Europe.
Bosch, E., Ferrer, V.A., Navarro, C., Ferrerio, V. Ramis, M.C. y Escarrer, C. (2011). El acoso sexual en el ámbito universitario: elementos para mejorar la implementación de medidas de prevención, detección e intervención. Madrid: Instituto de la Mujer. Conferencia de Rectores de las Universidades Españolas (2006). La Universidad Española en cifras [versión electrónica]. Madrid: Observatorio Universitario. Recuperado el 31 de enero de 2015 de:http://www.crue.org/Publicaciones/Documents/UEC/UEC2006.pdf Comisión Europea (1998). Sexual harassment at the workplace in the European Union. Luxembourg. European Union. Commission code of practice on sexual harassment, of 29 May 1990. Official Journal L 49, of 24 February 1992. European Union. Directive 2002/73/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 23 September 2002 amending Council Directive 76/207/EEC on the implementation of the principle of equal treatment for men and women as regards access to employment, vocational training and promotion, and working conditions. Official Journal L 269, 5 November 2002, pp. 15-20. European Union. Directive 2006/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 on the implementation of the principle of equal opportunities and equal treatment of men and women in matters of employment and occupation (recast). Official Journal L 204, 25 July 2006, pp. 23-36. Instituto de la Mujer (2006). El acoso sexual a las mujeres en el ámbito laboral. Resumen de resultados. Madrid: Instituto de la Mujer. Organización Internacional del trabajo. Convenio nº 111 sobre la Discriminación (Empleo y Ocupación), 1958 (Ratificación registrada el 03-06-1971.Gaceta Oficial Nº 27.609 del 03-12-1964). Recomendación N° 111 sobre la Discriminación (Empleo y Ocupación). Organización Internacional del trabajo. Repertorio de recomendaciones prácticas sobre la violencia en el lugar de trabajo en el sector de los servicios y medidas para combatirla (8-15 de octubre de 2003). Zippel, K.S. (2006). The politics of sexual harassment: A comparative study of the United States, the European Union, and Germany. Cambridge: Cambridge University.
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