23 SES 05 D, Policies and Practices of Parental School Choice (Part 1)
Paper Session to be continued in 23 SES 06 D
We contribute to the literature by studying school choice in the post-communist urban environment. However, it is often admitted that school choice is largely urban phenomenon, not much comparative research is done on post-communist or transition countries and urban environments. Thus our aim is to fulfill this research gap by bringing in comparative perspective. Our objective is to indicate the sizes of family background effects in various urban district in Russia and Estonia and how school admission policies (school choice policy hereinafter) moderate or intensify family background effect.
Family background effect is considered one of the most influential input in producing educational outcomes in all educational systems, including Post-communist countries, however, in most cases Russia and Estonia are in various reasons excluded from the sample (Schütz et al. 2008). Literature (Woessmann 2008, 2004) considers the independency of student outcomes from family background characteristics as a vital measure of the equality of educational opportunity. Thus we are after comparative measure of educational equality in four regions: urban Russia, rural Russia, urban Estonia, and rural Estonia.
Having common path-dependent educational institutions from communist period, our case countries differ in both the extensiveness of the welfare state and the system level school choice policies such as extent of external control and autonomy of the schools. However, we see many commonalities in addition to common past, i.e. school level between-school segregation based on admission by academic record, marginal share of private schools and private money in education. Thus we consider cases similar in some dimensions – school level admission policies in urban areas; and different in many other aspects. This observation directs our quantitative research strategy.
Frank, R. (2013). Are Positional Externalities Different from Other Externalities? Journal of Public economics, (Forthcoming). Gingrich, Jane R. (2014). Making Markets in the Welfare State: The Politics of Varying Market Reforms. Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics. Kalalahti, M., Silvennoinen, H., Varjo, J., and Rinne, R. (2014). Education for all? Parental Attitudes Towards the Universalism and Selectivism of Comprehensive School System. In Seppänen, P., Carrasco, A., Kalalahti, M., Rinne, R., and Simola, H., editors, On Contrasting Dynamics in Education Politics of Extremes: school choice in Finland and Chile. Molina, E., Saavedra, J., and Narayan, A. (2013). Educational equality and growth. World Bank Working Papers. Schütz, G., Ursprung, H. W., and Woessmann, L. (2008). Education Policy and Equality of Opportunity. Kyklos, 61(2):279-308. Woessmann, L. (2004). How Equal Are Educational Opportunities?: Family Background and Student Achievement in Europe and United States. IZA (Institute for the Study of Labour) Discussion paper series, 1284. Woessmann, L. (2008). Efficiency and equity of European education and training policies. International Tax and Public Finance, 15(2):199-230.
- Search for keywords and phrases in "Text Search"
- Restrict in which part of the abstracts to search in "Where to search"
- Search for authors and in the respective field.
- For planning your conference attendance you may want to use the conference app, which will be issued some weeks before the conference
- If you are a session chair, best look up your chairing duties in the conference system (Conftool) or the app.