04 SES 04.5 PS, General Poster Session
General Poster Session
Disabled people who attend the various services offered to them (day centers, integration supporting centers / occupational centers or residential centers) tend to have a very inactive participation in the community where they live in comparison with people without disabilities. This may be occasioned for a few inclusive attitude of the environment or for the methodologies carried out by professionals that are obsolete and are not looking for that purpose. That means, sometimes the workers, either by issues personal or by lack of resources, time and / or space, are limited to perform their tasks in a fast for meet the targets set by managers.
Fortunately, in recent decades they have been developed a number of methodologies that strive to improve the quality of life of people with disabilities, self-determination and for their presence and community involvement. Two of these methods are person-centered planning and active support. The first one seeks, with the help of family, friends and professionals, that the person with disabilities get their goals, dreams and desires to be he/she who make their own decisions. Moreover, active support seeks that the person to have greater participation in the activities of daily life through practices such as the sequencing of more easily and adapted tasks and prevent downtime caused by professionals overwork or by their lack of initiative.
The research presented here consist on develop a questionnaire that will reveal whether the professionals who work daily with people with disabilities use the foundations of the two methods outlined above. But for this data collection tool is reliable, it is necessary to be validated, so it will hold a Delphi that will indicate whether the items raised are valid and which are relevant to this study.
Amado, A. & McBride, M. (2011). Increasing Person- Centered Thinking: Improving the Quality of Person- Centered Planning: A Manual for Person-Centered Planning Facilitators. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, Institute on Community Integration. Asociación Navarra en Favor de las Personas con Discapacidad Intelectual (ANFAS). (2012). Planificación Centrada en la Persona. Pamplona: ANFAS. Cabero, J. & Infante, A. (2014). Empleo del método Delphi y su empleo en la investigación en comunicación y educación. EDUTEC, Revista Electrónica de Tecnología Educativa, 48. Recuperado el 11/01/2015 de http://edutec.rediris.es/Revelec2/Revelec48/n48_Cabero_Infante.html Holburn, S. (2003). Cómo puede la ciencia evaluar y mejorar la planificación centrada en la persona. Revista Española Sobre Discapacidad Intelectual, 208, 48-64. Jones, E., Perry, J., Lowe, K., Allen, D., Toogood, S. & Felce, D. (2011). Active Support. A handbook for supporting people with learning disabilities to lead full lives. Bangor: Association for Real Change. López, M., Marín, A. & De la Parte, J. (2004). La Planificación Centrada en la Persona, una metodología coherente con el respeto al Derecho de Autodeterminación. Una reflexión sobre la práctica. Revista Siglo Cero, 210, 45-55. Mansell, J., Beadle-Brown, J., Ashman, B, & Ockenden, J. (2005). Person- centred active support. Brighton: Pavilion Publishing. Mansell. J., Elliott, T., Beadle-Brown, J., Ashman, B. & Macdonald, S. (2002). Engagement in meaningful activity and “active support” of people with intellectual disabilities in residential care. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 23, 342-352. Pallisera, M. (2011). La planificación centrada en la persona (PCP): una vía para la construcción de proyectos personalizados con personas con discapacidad intelectual. Revista Iberoamericana de educación, versión digital 56/3, 1-13.
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