09 SES 04 B, Analyzing and Discussing the Dynamic School Effectiveness Model
Educational Effectiveness Research (EER) throughout its journey has provided growing evidence that schools can indeed contribute to academic outcomes. The recognition that schools can impact on student outcomes has also supported the emergence of School Improvement Research (SIR) and practice. However, EER has focused more on the whole school level and the ways schools operate as organisations. On the other hand, SIR gave more attention on teachers and processes (Chapman & Sammons, 2013). As Scheerens (2016) points out, EER finishes its job with actual research and knowledge production while SIR is interested more in application and implementation of research results and actual use, in the sense of sustained application and institutionalisation, of improved practises and policies.
An answer to the challenge, of establishing links between the two fields, is the development of the Dynamic Approach to School Improvement (DASI), which aims to help schools and policy makers make use of the knowledge base of EER, included in the Dynamic Model (Creemers and Kyriakides 2012). In this respect, the dynamic model contributes to the foundation of a theory-driven approach to school improvement by providing the necessary prerequisites according to EER and on the other hand DASI is offering a platform for an evidence-based implementation of those prerequisites according to school’s situational characteristics.
Since 2003, when DASI was developed, a number of empirical studies as well as two meta-analyses have been conducted, in order to support the validity of both the Dynamic Model and the DASI. The main results of the studies conducted reveal that DASI can promote students’ learning by improving the functioning of teacher and school factors. However, one could argue that the dynamic model is not necessarily able to describe the nature of educational effectiveness in secondary schools (Creemers & Kyriakides, 2015). Therefore, further research is needed on testing the impact of the teacher and school factors, which are included in the Dynamic Model, on learning outcomes of secondary school students. Such efforts may contribute to the development of the model and also to the investigation of the impact of using the model for school improvement purposes in secondary education.
It is also recognised, that further research is also needed to investigate not only the short-term effects of DASI but also its long-lasting effects. There are questions to be answered about the necessary conditions for effective use of DASI over a long period of time. Thus, information could be provided about issues associated with the sustainability of using this approach. For example, how the roles of school stakeholders and advisory and research (A&R) teams may change over time. The DASI approach depends on the collaboration between the school stakeholders and the A&R team. Therefore, it is important to find out whether school stakeholders, who have participated and used this approach for long, are eventually able to carry on with minimal, or even without any support.
In this respect, this study aims to give answers to the afore mentioned questions raised in the field of educational effectiveness and school improvement research. Precisely, this study aims to:
- Examine the impact of using DASI at secondary level schools and
- Investigate long-term effects and sustainability issues on using DASI for promoting quality in education.
Bryk, A.S., Sebring, P.B., Allensworth, E., Luppescu, S., & Easton, J.Q. (2010). Organizing schools for improvement: Lessons from Chicago. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Chapman, C., & Sammons, P. (2013). School self-evaluation for school improvement: what works and why? CfBT Education Trust 2013. Creemers, B.P.M., & Kyriakides, L. (2008). The dynamics of educational effectiveness: a contribution to policy, practice and theory in contemporary schools. London and New York: Routledge. Creemers, B.P.M., & Kyriakides, L. (2009). Situational effects of the school factors included in the dynamic model of educational effectiveness. South African Journal of Education, 29(3), 293–315. Creemers, B.P.M., & Kyriakides, L. (2010). Explaining stability and changes in school effectiveness by looking at changes in the functioning of school factors. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 21(4), 409–427. Creemers, B.P.M., & Kyriakides, L. (2012). Improving quality in education: Dynamic approaches to school improvement. London and New York: Routledge. Creemers, B.P.M., & Kyriakides, L. (2015). Developing, testing, and using theoretical models for promoting quality in education. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 26(1), 102-119. Hofman, R.H., Hofman, W.H., & Gray, J.M. (2010). Institutional contexts and international performances in schooling: Comparing patterns and trends over time in international surveys. European Journal of Education, 45(1), 153-173. Kyriakides, L., & Campbell, R.J. (2004). School self-evaluation and school improvement: A critique of values and procedures. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 30(1), 23-36. Kyriakides, L., & Creemers, B.P.M. (2008). Using a multidimensional approach to measure the impact of classroom level factors upon student achievement: a study testing the validity of the dynamic model. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 19(2), 183-205. Raynolds, D., Sammons, P., De Fraine, B., Townsend, T., & Van Damme, J. (2011). Educational effectiveness research (EER): A state of the art review. Cyprus, ICSEI, 2011. Sammons, P. (2009). The dynamics of educational effectiveness: a contribution to policy, practice and theory in contemporary schools. School Effectiveness & School Improvement, 20 (1), 123-129. Scheerens, J. (2013). The use of theory in school effectiveness research revisited. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 24(1), 1-38. Scheerens, J. (2016). Educational Effectiveness and Ineffectiveness: A Critical review of the Knowledgebase, Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer. Smink, G. (1991). The Cardiff conference, ICSEI 1991. Network News International, 1(3), 2-6. Teddlie, C., & Reynolds, D. (2000). The International handbook of school effectiveness research. London: Falmer Press. Townsend, T. (2007). International handbook of school effectiveness and improvement. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
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