10 SES 03 B, Programmes and Approaches: Digital settings
This paper presents findings from a research project, conducted in the context of Initial Teacher Education (ITE) in England, which explored the potential contribution of more formative and democratic pedagogical approaches to support pre-service teachers to think critically about their practice. The research question was: ‘How might the use of video stimulated reflection and bio-pedagogical narratives as pedagogical approaches in ITE support pre-service teachers to think critically about their pedagogical practice?’ Pedagogy in the context of this study was defined as the act of teaching together with the ideas, values and beliefs by which that act is informed, sustained and justified (Alexander, 2008).
The pedagogical approach to ITE involved the use of a type of narrative account referred to as a bio-pedagogy, which explores the connections between personhood and pedagogy in order to identify and understand the relationship between our life experiences and teaching and learning (Camacho and Fernandez-Balboa, 2006). The bio-pedagogical narratives were combined with a process referred to as video stimulated reflection(Powell, 2005), which is based on the concept of stimulated recall (Lyle, 2003) and facilitates cognitive processes through which participants can recall, when prompted by a video sequence, their associated thinking during that event.
The two approaches used sought to explore the pre-service teachers’ thinking and feelings about aspects of their own pedagogical practice through dialogic interactions between the pre-service teachers and their tutor as they observed captured video footage during their ITE programme. The pedagogical approaches facilitated a space for the pre-service teachers to notice the impact of their pedagogy on young people as part of a process of consciousness raising so that they better understood difference and diversity in learners and developed more responsive teaching. This exploration of the concept of noticing drew on previous research by Edwards and Protheroe (2003); Sherin and Van Es (2005 and 2008); Youens et al., (2014); Grant and Kline (2010); and Harford et al., (2010) in the field of teacher education.
The use of bio-pedagogies alongside video stimulated refection was selected in order to disrupt and challenge some existing hierarchical pedagogical approaches within ITE specifically in relation to lesson observation and give more voice to pre-service teachers in the critical analysis of their own practice. The study responded to calls from Arnold et al. (2012) to provide more detailed studies on the links between teacher professionalism, critical approaches to teaching and learning and the democratic production of knowledge by participants. It provided an in-depth longitudinal study of a group of pre-service physical education teachers and the use of the pedagogical approaches aimed to connect the participants specifically with identified issues in their subject culture around how pupils with diverse needs experience physical education in schools.
Alexander, R. (2008) Essays on Pedagogy London: Routledge. Blomberg, G., Gamoran, T., Sherin, M., Renkl, A., Glogger, I. and Seidel, T. (2014) 'Understanding video as a tool for teacher education: investigating instructional strategies to promote reflection.’ Instructional Science, 42, pp. 443-463. Borko, H., Jacobs, J., Eiteljorg, E. and Pittman, M.E. (2008) 'Video as a tool for fostering productive discussions in mathematics professional development', Teaching and Teacher Education, 24, pp. 417-436. Camacho, A. and Fernandez-Balboa, J.M. (2006) 'Ethics, politics and bio-pedagogy in physical education teacher education: easing the tension between the self and the group', Sport, Education and Society, 11(1), pp. 1-20. Edwards, A. and Protheroe, L. (2003) 'Learning to See in Classrooms: What are student teachers learning about teaching and learning while learning to teach in schools?' British Educational Research Journal, 29(2), pp. 227-242. Grant, T.J. and Kline, K. (2010) 'The impact of video-based lesson analysis on teachers' thinking and practice', Teacher Development, 14(1), pp. 69-83. Hennessy, S. and Deaney, R. (2009) 'The impact of collaborative video analysis by practitioners and researchers upon pedagogical thinking and practice: a follow-up study'', Teachers and Teaching, 15(5), pp. 617-638. Lyle, J. (2003) 'Stimulated recall: A report on its use in naturalistic research', British educational research journal, 29(6), pp. 861-878. Maclean, R. and White, S. (2007) 'Video reflection and the formation of teacher identity in a team of pre-service and experienced teachers', Reflective practice, 8(1), pp. 47-60. Parlett, M. and Hamilton, D. (1972) Evaluation as Illumination:a new approach to the study of innovatory programs. London: Nuffield Foundation. Powell, E. (2005) 'Conceptualising and facilitating active learning: teachers’ video‐stimulated reflective dialogues', Reflective Practice, 6(3), pp. 407-418. Quennerstedt, M., Öhman, J. and Öhman, M. (2011) 'Investigating learning in physical education—a transactional approach', Sport, Education and Society, 16(2), pp. 159-177. Sherin, M. and Van Es, E. (2005) 'Using video to support teachers’ ability to notice classroom interactions.', Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 13(3), pp. 475-491. Van Es, E. and Sherin, M. (2008) 'Mathematics teachers’ ‘learning to notice’ in the context of a video club.', Teaching and Teacher Education, 24, pp. 244-276. Youens, B., Smethem, L. and Sullivan, S. (2014) 'Promoting collaborative practice and reciprocity in initial teacher education: realising a 'dialogic space' through video capture analysis.', Journal of Education for Teaching, 40(2), pp. 101-113.
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