18 SES 10 A, Innovative Pedagogical Approaches in Physical Education and Sport
Over the past decade, several authors have pointed out the need for a tactical approach to teaching and learning invasion team sports. Therefore, new models have been designed that stand out not only on the instructional methods and strategies but mainly on the nature of the privileged contents. Amongst these we identify Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU; Bunker & Thorpe, 1982), Sport Education (Siedentop, 1994), Tactical Games Model (TGM; Griffin, Mitchell & Oslin, 1997) and Game Sense (GS; Light, 2004). Later on a combination of the previous models emerged, namely the competence model in invasion games (Musch, et al., 2002; Graça, et al., 2006). The new trends emphasizes the need for authentic learning experiences, and more comprehensive knowledge of the game, breaking with traditional approaches based on teaching skills taken out of the context.
Notwithstanding the various contributions, research papers, and the critical thinking on the traditional approaches, it appears that the teaching practices of Handball remain largely unchanged. Additionally, the instructional process tends to concentrate on the practice and improvement of the technical skills, giving little value to the tactical understanding of the game and the ways of playing it.
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of using a tactical and comprehensive approach to teach handball at school.
Bunker, D. & Thorpe, R. (1982). A model for the teaching of games in secondary schools. Bulletin of Physical Education, 5-8. Retrieved from G:10 Estriga L.& Moreira I. (2014). O Ensino do Andebol na Escola: Ensinar e Aprender. Faculdade de Desporto: Universidade do Porto. Griffin, L., Mitchell, S. & Oslin, J. (1997). Teaching sport concepts and skills: A tactical games approach.Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Light, R. (2004). Implementing a game sense approach in youth sport coaching: Challenges, change and resistance. Waikato Journal of Education, 10, 169-180 Mitchell, S. (1996). Tactical Approaches to Teaching Games: Improving Invasion Game Performance. JOPERD, 67:30-33. Musch, E., Mertens, B., Timmers, E., Mertens, T., Graca, A., Taborsky, F., Remy, C., De Clercq, D., Multeal, M., & Vonderlynck, V. (2002). An innovative didactical invasion games model to teach basketball and handball, presented on cd. In M Koskolou (Ed.), Proceedings of the 7th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science. Athens, Greece: Pashalidis Medical Publisher, European College of Sport Science. Oslin JL, Mitchell SA, Griffin LL (1998). The game performance assessment instrument (GPAI): development and preliminary validation. Journal of Teaching Physical Education, 17(2):231–243. Siedentop, D (1994). Sport Education: quality PE through positive experiences. Champaign, Illinois: Humam Kinetics.
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