22 SES 10 A, Critical Internationalisation and Global Citizenship in Times of Nationalist Popul(ar)ism
Populism can be described as a ‘thin ideology’ (Mudde, 2004) that sets up a framework of a pure people versus a corrupt elite. However, it could be argued that this thin ideology is becoming a dominant force in the political arena as evidenced by recent by the rise of Trump and Farage, Brexit and to some extent, the increasing popularity of the Scottish Nationalist Party. Furthermore, in Europe, Inglehart and Norris (2016) note the number of seats gained by populist parties in national and European parliamentary elections has increased three-fold since the 1960s. Against this background of the claimed failing of the nation as epitomised in Trump’s and Farage’s pronouncements, popular nationalism has emerged as form of political claim making which depicts the nations as besieged by refugees, asylum seeking and “illegal immigrants” and denuded of sovereignty by supranational institutions. This has led to a number of exclusionary policies, pronouncements and proposals aimed at protecting the nation such as Brexit and raft of immigration laws (see Fassin, 2011, Bhatia, 2015, Vaughan-Williams, 2008). This joint paper seeks to address popular nationalism as a discursive style enacted through symbolic practices which aim to construct the people and the nation as homogeneous entities. Emma Guion Akdağ will identify to what extent the higher education sector in Scotland identifies with populist ideologies by revealing possible evidence of Scottish nationalism in the discourses of Scottish Higher Education strategy and policies. The neoliberalist, managerialist and entrepreneurial marketization of internationalisation in Higher Education in Scotland not only poses ethical issues but a disturbing sense of how a ‘global citizen’ is constituted in this context. Mostafa Gamal will attend to the Scottish Higher English curriculum in order to explore the ways in which it articulates a “cultural construction of nationness as a form of social and textual affiliation” (Bhabha, 2004) which aligns with Scottish nationalism. This reproduction of nationalism through established myths and traditions canonised through the curriculum, the banal nationalism (Billing, 2004) and the re-branding of a range of institutions (Police Scotland, Education Scotland and Visit Scotland) throws into relief the tensions inherent in the discourse of global citizenship promoted in policy documents of the Scottish Government.
Bhabha, H. (1994) The Location of Culture. London: Routledge Billig, M. (1995) Banal nationalism. London, UK: Sage Publications Bhatia, M. (2015) Turning Asylum Seekers into ‘Dangerous Criminals’: Experiences of theCriminal Justice System of those Seeking Sanctuary. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy 4(3), 97-111 Fassin, D. (2011). ‘Policing Borders, Producing Boundaries. The Governmentality of Immigration in Dark Times’. Annual Review of Anthropology, 40, 213-26 Inglehard, R. F. and Norris, P. (2016) Trump, Brexit, and the Rise of Populism: Economic Have-Nots and Cultural Backlash, Faculty Research Working Papers, Harvard Kennedy School Mudde, C. (2004) ‘The Populist Zeitgeist’, Government and Opposition, 39(3), 541–563 Vaughan-Williams, N. (2008). Borderwork beyond inside/outside? Frontex, the citizen–detective and the war on terror. Space and Polity, Vol.12 (1), 63-79
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
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Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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