07 SES 13 A, Early School-Leaving in the European Union: Comparative perspectives (Part 1)
Symposium to be continued in 07 SES 14 A
Research and policy documents clearly show that a high proportion of low-skilled persons has negative effects on economic growth and entail high fiscal and societal costs. Being aware of these adverse effects, the European Union defined reducing the rates of early school leaving as well as fighting poverty and social exclusion as two out of five headline targets in the EU-2020-Strategy (former Lisbon Strategy 2000). In a first step, the following book section outlines the state of research on the costs of early school leaving. The literature review shows that research in this field has a long tradition in the USA, Canada and Australia, whereas comparatively only a few studies have been conducted for Europe so far. From a macro perspective early school leaving is linked to lower rates of economic growth, lower tax revenues, higher unemployment and welfare payments, and higher expenditures on public health and criminal justice. Based on narratives, the article also sheds light on the individual consequences of early school leaving by presenting latest results of a qualitative study. Participants give voice to their lived experiences of being low qualified, which in many cases comprise unemployment, financial hardship, social isolation, and an increased risk of physical and mental distress. The section concludes with cost-benefit-analysis of American and European measures, which provide evidence that measures are more effective when implemented at an early stage of the educational career.
Belfield, C.R. and Levin, H.M. (Eds.) (2007), The Price We Pay. Economic and Social Consequences of Inadequate Education, Brookings Institution Press, Washington D.C. Brunello, G. and Paola, M. de (2014), “The costs of early school leaving in Europe”, IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Vol. 3 No. 22. Calero, J. and Gil-Izquierdo, M. (2014), “Too much to pay: an estimation through microsimulation techniques of the monetary costs of early school leaving in Spain”, Journal of Simulation, Vol. 8 No. 4, pp. 314–324. Hanushek, E.A. and Wößmann, L. (2010), The High Cost of Low Educational Performance: The Long-Run Economic Impact of Improving PISA Outcomes, Paris. Levin, H.M., Belfield, C., Hollands, F. et al. (2012), Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Interventions that Improve High School Completion. Lochner, L. and Moretti, E. (2004), “The Effect of Education on Crime: Evidence from Prison Inmates, Arrests, and Self-Reports”, The American Economic Review, Vol. 94 No. 1, pp. 155–189. Machin, S., Marie, O. and Vujić, S. (2011), “The Crime Reducing Effect of Education”, The Economic Journal, Vol. 121 No. 552, pp. 463–484. Oreopoulos, P. (2006), “Estimating Average and Local Average Treatment Effects of Education when Compulsory Schooling Laws Really Matter”, American Economic Review, Vol. 96 No. 1, pp. 152–175.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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