14 SES 10 B, Concerted Cultivation in a Cross -Cultural Perspective (Part 2)
Symposium continued from 14 SES 09 B
Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in a socially and ethnically mixed borough of Bergen, we explore the making of parenting cultures in plural Norway. Migration and increased class differences bring along differentiations in access to resources and highlight the co-existence of different ideas of parenting in the same neighborhoods. Taking a differentiating approach towards parents, this paper will investigate possible different versions of concerted cultivation among middle class parents, some of them having migrant background and others not. What kind of persons or citizens do middle class parents seek their children to be and become? How do middle class parents practice parenting in order to develop certain skills in their children? Initial findings suggest that middle-class parents with migrant background positioned themselves in line with and opposition to what they view as prevailing parenting ideals in Norway? To what extent are the parents expressing Norwegian or Scandinavian versions of concerted cultivation compared to the American version described in Lareau`s work? Cultural understandings of upbringing have consequences for parents’ expectations of their children, now and in the future. Investigating various conceptions and ideals of upbringing among parents provides a gaze into specific discourses of societal challenges, and in particular ideas of risk management. We found that the current societal discourse of resilience, as I see it answering to dominant discourses of risk management, affected the parents and they seek to facilitate social mobility, sustain their social class position, or counteracting the fear of failing in their child-rearing practises.
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