09 SES 10 A, Towards Explaining Achievement: Findings from international comparative achievement studies (Part 1)
In educational research families’ socio-economic status is usually operationalized according to Bourdieu’s (1986) theory, in which he differentiates economic, cultural and social capital. For the empirical measurement of economic and cultural capital there is a multitude of well-tested indicators that researchers can rely on. For social capital there are only few such indicators. A new approach to measure social capital was proposed by van der Gaag and Snijders (2005). The ‘resource generator’ is a scale for standardized questionnaires which consists of a list of 36 resources and activities that others can provide to assist a person, e.g. “someone handy to repair household equipment” (van der Gaag & Snijders, 2005, p. 12). For every resource respondents are asked to state whether they know someone who can provide them with the resource in question. In this paper we will present results from an application of the ‘resource generator’ in the Trends in International Science and Mathematics Study 2015 (TIMSS) in Germany (Wendt, Bos, Selter, Köller, Schwippert & Kasper, 2016) and show how social capital measured with this scale relates to students’ achievement (n = 2470). A preliminary Latent Class Analysis (Lazarsfeld & Henry, 1968) shows that we can identify five groups of parents. They differ with regard to the kind of support others can provide them with, i.e. if the support is of a more practical or a more academic nature. In further analyses we will analyze how the groups we identified correlate with other indicators of social status, e.g. parents’ education or books at home. Using hierarchical linear models we also plan to show how much variance in students’ achievement can be explained by social capital measured with the ‘resource generator’, when Bourdieu’s (1986) other forms of capital, i.e. economic and cultural capital, are controlled for.
Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital. In J. G. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education (pp. 241–258). New York, NY: Greenwood Press. Lazarsfeld, P. F. & Henry, N. W. (1968). Latent structure analysis. Boston. MA: Houghton Mifflin. Van Der Gaag, M., & Snijders, Tom A. B. (2005). The Resource Generator: social capital quantification with concrete items. Social Networks 27, 1–29. Wendt, H., Bos, W., Selter, C., Köller, O., Schwippert, K. & Kasper, D. (2016). TIMSS 2015. Mathematische und naturwissenschaftliche Kompetenzen von Grundschulkindern in Deutschland im internationalen Vergleich. Münster: Waxmann.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
The programme is updated regularly (each day in the morning)
- Search for keywords and phrases in "Text Search"
- Restrict in which part of the abstracts to search in "Where to search"
- Search for authors and in the respective field.
- For planning your conference attendance you may want to use the conference app, which will be issued some weeks before the conference
- If you are a session chair, best look up your chairing duties in the conference system (Conftool) or the app.