10 SES 14 A, Innovation And Reform In Teacher Education: Historical perspectives on change and transformation
Although shifting modern conceptions of 'Teacher' may give the impression that teacher education is something less than a cohesive endeavor, these shifts have been a fundamental element of the history of American teacher education. Indeed, historians and teacher educators can easily carve out their field’s history, particularly if they begin cutting at the advent of state-sponsored teacher preparation programs, the earliest of which can be traced to the American adoption of normal schools. The purpose of this paper is to investigate two of the earliest shifts in these conceptions of Teacher, as present in the histories of the Framingham State Normal School of Massachusetts and the Oswego State Normal School of New York. These histories, starting within 25 years of one another and thus developing in similar contexts, foreshadow the elusive nature of Teacher, as well as the current volatility of teacher preparation programs. Like the ideological and theoretical gulfs separating many modern traditional and fast-track alternative preparation programs, the preparation of teachers at Framingham and Oswego developed from disparate foundations: the power and dynamism of principal Cyrus Peirce pushing the Framingham State Normal School from the brink of collapse, versus the so-called beginning of educational theory through the importation and adaptation of Pestalozzian learning principles by Oswego State Normal School’s founder, Edward A. Sheldon. Our document review and analysis of both primary and secondary sources related to each program will help tell the early stories of each program, and how the gulfs between them led to the cultivation among American normalites of very different conceptions of 'Teacher'.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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