01 SES 02 A, Teacher Professional Learning and Development in 11 European Countries (Part I)
Symposium Part I, to be continued in 01 SES 03 A (Part II) and 01 SES 06 A (Part III)
Teacher professional learning and development (PLD) is an important aspect in contemporary school systems. Towards the end of the 90s, the traditional practice of teacher in-service training started to transform itself into teacher continuing professional development – CPD (Harland & Kinder, 1997). A key idea in this process was lifelong learning (Antikainen, 2001; Day, 1999). This concept includes two parts: one related to continuity over time and the other to learning. The development of studies on teacher professional learning (Timperley, 2011) was also paramount. Here, teachers should gain new knowledge and competencies and not only improve their own practice but increasingly the practice of others. Other important concepts are the ways in which professional learning draws on support through professional learning communities (Stoll & Louis, 2007); the role of mentoring in collaborative approaches to professional learning; and the need to take complex rather than linear perspectives of professional learning provision.
Both ideas of continuity and professional learning merge today in the concept of teacher PLD (O’Brien & Jones, 2014). In this perspective, we should consider teacher professional development as a continuing learning process distributed over three basic stages: pre-service teacher education, induction, and continuing PLD, the latter being the object of the present symposium.
If we look at today’s educational panorama, we can find both different cultures/practices and theories dealing with teacher PLD (e.g. Avalos, 2010; Darling-Hammond & Lieberman, 2012; Opfer & Pedder, 2011). In a fast-changing world, where school is requested to continuously improve, teacher professionalism – and/or professionality (Hoyle, 1974) – is a key element in this process.
An important aspect of teacher PLD is the relationship between research in education and practice inside the classroom (Ostinelli, 2016). In fact, if the teacher is to become a true professional, s/he should not only be able to model her/his action in conformity with the more recent pedagogical approaches, for instance from the domain of learning sciences (Scardamalia & Bereiter, 2006; Sawyer, 2005), but also be capable of adapting/transforming and/or creating new knowledge and new competencies.
For a similar evolution to happen there is the need for some important changes to happen in the various national school systems. Kennedy’s (2014) classification of various models of professional learning and development gave an insight into how CPD or PLD are interpreted in different systems and institutions, from the provision of training, often in a deficit situation, to collaborative models epitomised by professional learning communities, to transformative approaches underpinned by practitioner research and inquiry.
There is still a variety of practice at individual, institutional, and national levels. Policy varies, terminology varies and practice varies. This symposium entitled “Teacher professional learning and development in Europe” will take the unique opportunity of having education professionals from many different countries together to compare and contrast the different approaches to professional learning and development across Europe. After a first introductory overview and broad analysis on the status of teacher PLD in Europe, scholars from ten European countries will illustrate important issues relative to teacher PLD in their respective national school systems.
Antikainen, A. (2001). Is lifelong learning becoming a reality? The case of Finland from a comparative perspective. European Journal of Education, 36(3), 379-394 Kennedy, A. (2014) Models of Continuing Professional Development: a framework for analysis. PD in Education, 40(3), 336-351 Timperley, H. (2011) Realizing the power of professional learning Maidenhead: Open University Press Lieberman, A., Darling-Hammond, L. (2012). Teacher education around the world: Changing policies and practices. Harland, J., Kinder, K. (1997). Teachers' continuing professional development: framing a model of outcomes. British journal of in-service education, 23(1), 71-84 Hoyle, E. (1974). Professionality, professionalism and control in teaching. London Educational Review, 3(2), 13-19. O’Brien, J., Jones, K. (2014). Professional learning or professional development? Or continuing professional learning and development? Changing terminology, policy and practice. Opfer, V. D., & Pedder, D. (2011). Conceptualizing teacher professional learning. Review of educational research, 81(3), 376-407 Ostinelli, G. (2016). The many forms of research-informed practice: A framework for mapping diversity. European Journal of Teacher Education, 39(5), 534-549 Sawyer, R. K. (Ed.). (2005). The Cambridge handbook of the learning sciences. Cambridge University Press. Scardamalia, M., Bereiter, C. (2006). Knowledge building. The Cambridge Stoll, L., Louis, K. (2007). Professional learning communities: Divergence, depth and dilemmas. McGraw-Hill Education. ________________________________________
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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