04 SES 11 A, Inclusion In A Digital/Online Educational Environment
The European Disability Rights Agenda 2020-2030 reiterates the importance of building a society that leaves no one behind, starting from the disadvantaged segments of the population, starting from school and work, a society in which work is intended not only as a source of income, but also a founding element of an inclusive, more supportive and sustainable society. In the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities of 13 December 2006 ratified by Italy with l. n. 18 of March 3, 2009, in art. 27 the employment and work of people with disabilities is promoted. In the Italian context, as recorded by Istat, only 32% of people with disabilities can find a job. Furthermore, the value of job satisfaction by people without limitations is higher than 75% while that of people in condition in a few cases exceeds 65%. Even picompelssa appears to be the situation of people who experience a condition of psychiatric disability or mental illness. Workers with mental disabilities experience a series of difficulties that limit their ability to perform specific tasks: focusing and maintaining attention, learning and remembering information, reacting quickly to external stimuli, planning operations and reflecting on problem solving are some examples of functions commonly used in everyday work for which mental illness is a critical factor (McGurk and Wykes, 2008). These are accompanied by environmental barriers, the most important of which is stigma (Johnstone, 2001). Work inclusion must be embodied in good practices that build concrete possibilities to carry out work projects that are "real" and "realistic". Often it is the Associations that in the national context plan and implement social and work inclusion interventions. Particularly interesting seems to be the reality of the Arte Musica e CAffè cooperative in the Campania context that launched the Sfizzicariello Gastronomy to promote the work inclusion of people with disabilities. It was decided to explore this working reality from the point of view of workers with disabilities. Specifically, the research questiom was: what is the work experience of the workers of the Gastronomia Sfizzicariello?
Specifically, it was decided to carry out an exploratory research, using the semi-structured biographical interview tool, adopting the following solicitation "Tell your professional story and your professional project". Twenty semi-structured interviews were conducted with people with mental disability. It was decided to carry out an analysis of the content of the interviews by adopting Grounded Theory (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) as the theoretical and methodological substrate with specific reference to the constructivist epistemological paradigm (Charmaz, 2005). The thematic analysis was supported by the use of the Nvivo software (Richards, 1999). The analysis of the text corpus involved a first phase of initial or open coding, analyzing the texts line by line with reference to the "all is data" formula at the basis of a Grounded methodology. In the phase of focused coding, a series of macro-categories have been identified through a process of re-labeling of the first labels. For each macro-category the nodes that contribute to their definition have been identified and identified. This work of classification and aggregation of nodes for the formulation of macro categories was carried out with the help of the Nvivo software through the creation of Sets, intended as "conceptual con The analysis of the text corpus involved a first phase of initial or open coding, analyzing the texts line by line with reference to the "all is data" formula at the basis of a Grounded methodology. This coding phase led to the identification of nodes, that is, those themes, concepts and arguments put forward by the researcher, while reading and exploring the content of the research materials. In the phase of focused coding, a series of macro-categories have been identified through a process of re-labeling of the first labels. For each macro-category the nodes that contribute to their definition have been identified and identified. This work of classification and aggregation of nodes for the formulation of macro categories was carried out with the help of the Nvivo software through the creation of Sets. The following macro-categories have been identified: • The identity dimension of the work • The social dimension of work • The barriers to job inclusion • The facilitators of job inclusion • The experience of the Social Gym •European exchanges as personal and professional growth • The meanings attributed to the work
Following the exploration of the macro-categories through theoretical coding, it was possible to identify the Core Category, that is, the central category, identified according to an inductive process through a hierarchical work on the categories that emerged from the data. The Core-Category that emerged from the data analysis was defined Work as personal and social care. The work experience lived by the research participants is an existential experience that allows the transition from feeling the object of taking care (in a medical sense) to being the subject of taking care (in an educational sense) from a biopsychosocial perspective. The professional experience narrated by the participants not only takes the form of taking care of one's self-determination and self-representation but also allows for social care, that is, care for the territory in which the Art, Music and Coffee cooperative operates because the gastronomy activity is "therapeutic" both for the family members of the participants and for the area in which the shop is located, promoting a look at mental disability which is not stigmatizing but rather inclusive, respectful of the existential peculiarities of each and every one. A biopsychosocial vision of the person with mental disability is therefore promoted and the person himself, through work experience, seems to explore his own employability, understood as the ability to place himself and present himself in the labor market with his own professional project adhering to his personal biography (Grimaldi , Porcelli, Rossi, 2014).
Charmaz, K. (2005). Grounded Theory in the 21st Century: Applications for Advancing Social Justice Studies. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The Sage handbook of qualitative research (p. 507–535). Sage Publications Ltd. European Economic and Social Committee (2019), The European Disability Rights Agenda 2020-2030. Glaser, B., & Strauss, A. (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research., CA. Grimaldi A., Porcelli R., Rossi A. (2014), Orientamento: dimensioni e strumenti per l’occupabilità. La proposta dell’Isfol al servizio dei giovani, “Osservatorio Isfol”, IV , n. 1-2, pp. 45-63. ISTAT (2019), Conoscere il mondo della disabilità: persone, relazioni, istituzioni. Johnstone MJ. (2001), Stigma, social justice and the rights of the mentally ill: challenging the status quo. Aust N Z J Ment Health. Dec;10(4):200-9. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-0979.2001.00212.x. PMID: 11703270. McGurk, S.R., Wykes, T., 2008. Cognitive remediation and vocational rehabilitation. Psychiatr. Rehabil. J. 31 (4), 350. Richards L. (1999). Using NVivo in Qualitative Research. London : Sage. UN General Assembly (2006), Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities : resolution / adopted by the General Assembly, 24 January 2007, A/RES/61/106, available at:https://www.refworld.org/docid/45f973632.html [accessed 28 January 2021.
- Search for keywords and phrases in "Text Search"
- Restrict in which part of the abstracts to search in "Where to search"
- Search for authors and in the respective field.
- For planning your conference attendance you may want to use the conference app, which will be issued some weeks before the conference
- If you are a session chair, best look up your chairing duties in the conference system (Conftool) or the app.