05 SES 01 B, School Dropout and Social Exclusion
Parallel Paper Session
Drop-out from secondary school is a serious problem in many countries. Reviews by Rumberger (1995) show that there is no single or simple cause for drop- out. Drop-out may be described as the last phase of a longer process where the students for several reasons gradually loose interest in what school offers them (Janosz et.al. 2008). The problem of drop- out, however, requires looking beyond the individual student, focusing also on school factors possibly relevant in students’ decisions to stay or leave school. Perceived support from parents and peers and interaction with staff at school may be such factors that influence on students’ self-esteem and further on to amotivation and drop-out (Burleson and MacGeorge,2002). Boys run up to seven times more risk on drop-out compared to girls (Alexander et al. 2001).
We will in our paper discuss the relation between drop-out, self-esteem and and factors in our study leading to amotivation .
Alexander,K.L., Entwisle, D.R.&Kabbani,N.S. (2001) The drop-out process in life course perpective: Early risk factors at home and at school. Teachers College Record, 103,760-823 Burleson,B.R. & MacGeorge,E.L. (2002). Supportive communication. In M.L.Knapp&A.L. Vangelisti (Eds.), Handbook of interpersonal communication. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Janosz,M.,Archambault,I.,Morizot,J.& Pagani, L.S.(2008). School Engagemnet Trajectories and Their Different Predictive Relations to Dropout. Journal of Social Issues,64,1,21-40 Rumberger R.W. (1995). High School Dropouts: A review of issues and Evidence. Review of Educational Research 57,2,101-121
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