11 SES 09 A, Effectiveness of Education with Low Achievers and Socially Disadvantaged Students
Parallel Paper Session
Results of international comparative studies like Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) have shown that a large group of fifteen-year-old students do not even reach the minimum standards of mathematical and reading literacy (OECD, 2010). Especially in Germany more than 15 per cent of the students in the lower secondary school (“Hauptschule”) belong to this low-achieving group. But how could their competencies be increased? One possible way is the implementation of summer programs. On the one hand to strengthen their academic achievement and on the other hand to prepare them for vocational training.
In a meta-analysis with 94 studies from the US, Cooper et al. (2000) found out that summer programs show an average effect of one-fifth standard deviation. Especially remedial programs seem to have a positive effect on students learning. For Germany there are only few results released concerning the effects of summer learning programs. Stanat et al. (in Press) compared the effects of implicit and explicit support for second language learners in the primary school. They had found out that the combination of implicit and explicit learning shows better results than an implicit learning treatment only.
The present study focuses on the effects of a three-week summer program in Germany. Our research question is: Which effects does the summer program have (a) on mathematics achievement, (b) on reading achievement and (c) on academic self-concept of the participants?
Cooper, H.; Charlton, K.; Valentine, J.C. & Muhlenbruck, L. (2000): Making the Most of Summer School. A Meta-Analytic and Narrative Review. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. Malden, USA: Blackwell Publishers. Czerwenka, K. (2008): Sommerakademie. Fit für die Lehrstelle. Weinheim & Basel: Beltz. OECD (2010): Overcoming social background. Equity in learning opportunities and outcomes. Paris: OECD. Stanat, P.; Becker, M.; Baumert, J.; Lüdtke, O. & Eckhardt, A. G. (in Press): Improving second language skills of immigrant students: A field trial study evaluating the effects of a summer learning program, Learning and Instruction, doi:10.1016/j.learninstruc.2011.10.002
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