01 SES 02 B, Professionalisation and Policy
Parallel Paper Session<br /> Joint Session with NW 13
The Bologna process demarcates the rationale of Higher Education through its vocabulary. Evolvement of thinking education as competence-driven has had a multifold impact during two decades (Drudy, Gunnerson & Gilpin 2008). Stating that language matters to education; discursive practices constitute what can be said, known and done (Biesta 2004), we wish to contribute to the critique offered against the marketisation of education. Tynjälä & al. (2011) argue how words like “competence” and “learning outcomes” support an instrumentality in educational practice. Our suggestion, for the purpose of reclaiming the value of pedagogy in education, explores new interpretations.
Our aim is to highlight an ongoing action research process. One concern is to unfold some of the hidden potential in the Bologna vocabulary when related to an articulated interpretation of a pedagogical policy. The other focal point is our ambition is to build up platforms for educative purposes where planners and teachers reflect upon the relation between rhetoric and action. The ability among staff to examine professional knowledge cannot be taken for granted but supported.
Higher professional Education bears a potential in a contribution to bridging the contradictions in vocabulary, is grounded in the mission it holds. Reconstructivism (Englund 1999) as an underpinning philosophy in the policy requires a continuous dialogue between students, teachers, users, stakeholders and researchers to create means for a double consciousness; the educational responsibility and the societal. Learning as inquiry emphasizes education as a vehicle for change.
This study belongs to a wider project concerning pedagogical development at Arcada. We are taking a holistic, integrative and reflexive approach to enhance critical thinking required for becoming professionals in a complex reality. If studies are to enlarge students´ scope of recognizing societal problems and negotiating on multiple perspectives and solutions; this kind of curriculum challenges academic staff to articulate a position. It is anchored; placed, in a theoretical framework as a part of action research. The pedagogy of place indicates that both material and situational dimensions, as well as an attuned relationship between educator and student, create the pedagogic event (Løvlie 2007). The platform needs to be nurtured by engagement, imagination and alignment (Wenger 1998); which means that space for participation is to be arranged and created. Our assumption is that entering a process of pedagogical reflection opens up the gap between declarations of visions and ambitions on one hand and the realization of studies on the other. Regarding situation a part of a contextual consciousness, especially valuable when it both shapes and is shaped by the action taking place, our theoretical argumentation includes a Vygotskian (1978) and a Deweyan (1938, 1999) approach. Dewey´s starting point, interaction, focuses on the pedagogical event as a unity; i.e. a situation. Vygotskij´s notion of the context as an arena for cultural development grounds the social nature of knowing and coming to know. The tension between knowing and knowledge is crucial to address when competence is elaborated.
Biesta, G. (2004). Against learning: Reclaiming a language for education in an age of learning. In: Nordic Educational Research. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget: pp. 70-82 Carr ,W. &Kemmis, S. 1986. Becoming critical: Education, knowledge, and action research. London: Falmer. Dewey, J. (1938/1960). Logic.The theory of inquiry. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc. Dewey, J. (1999). Demokrati och utbildning. Göteborg: Daidalos. Drudy, S.,Gunnerson, L. & Gilpin, A. (2008) Tuning Educational Structures in Europe. Reference Points for the Design and Delivery of Degree Programmes in Education. Education and Culture DG: Life Long Learning. Englund, T. (1999). Inledning (introduction in:)J. Dewey´s Demokrati och utbildning. Göteborg: Daidalos. Pp. Kemmis, S. &McTaggart, R. 2005.Participatory action research.InDenzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S. (Ed.).The SAGE handbook of qualitative research .3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA : Sage. Løvlie, L.(2007).The pedagogy of place. In Nordic Educational Research 1/ 2007. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, s. 32- 37. Tynjälä, P., Heikkinen, L.T. & Kiviniemi, U. (2011)Integratiivinen pedagogiikka opetusharjoittelussa opettajan autonomisuuden tukena. In The Finnish Journal of Education 4/2011.Pp. 302-314 Wells, G. (2001). The development of Communities of Inquirers.In G. Wells (ed.) Action, Talk & Text. Learning and teaching through Inquiry. Pp. 1-22. Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of practice. Learning, Meaning, and Identity. Cambridge University Press. Vygotskij, L. S. (1978). Mind in society.The development of Higher Psychological Processes. Cambridge, Mass., London, England: Harvard University Press.
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