23 SES 05 B, Labour Market and Adult Learning
Parallel Paper Session
The greatest problem of the world-wide society in the recent decades, has been the increasing of labor inactivity, this carries serious economic consequences not to mention the fact that the social problems of exclusion for certain groups of population. Due to the high rates of unemployment, the European Union has started the European Strategy of the Employment in the decade of the 90 in Amsterdam's Agreement, which tries a coordination of the employment policies of the member states in order that an increase of his efficiency. So all countries have polices to improve the labour market out comes of the unemploy like training, re-training, job search assistance, relocation services or subsidized private or public employment (Kahn, 2012). But the objectives fixed up to 2010 were too ambitious and difficult to reach, for that reason the new horizon European Strategy 2020 raised with greater humility, claims the establishment of a new social economy of sustainable market based on the innovation and the effective use of resources, besides new ways of affecting on the labor market across policies and necessary measures in order that the market is more inclusive with the vulnerable ones (Fresno y Tsolakis, 2010).
In fact, a lot of actions are carried out from national, autonomic to local level, under the frame of the active policies of the work market. Within these actions and more in concrete within the selective measures or measures of positive action, we focus on the Program Puesto a Puesto of the Servicio Municipal of Employment of the Town hall of A Coruña (Galicia / Spain), which principal aim is creating a counter frame in the process of search of employment with plaintiffs who meet special difficulties.
As far as we are concerned from an overview of studies, there have been some research on the impact of Active Labour Market Policies in economies fields, Durán (2004),Lechner, Miquel and Wunsch (2007), Arellano (2010), but in education there is not an abundant number. Although some progress has been made on the key question of how participation in an active labour market programme affects the labour market outcomes of the participants themselves (Card, Kluve and Weber, 2010)
Arellano, F.A. (2010). Do training programmes get the unemployed back to work? A look at the Spanish experience. Revista de Economía Aplicada, 53 (18), 39-65. Card, D., Kluve, J. & Weber, A. (2010). Active Labour Market Policy Evaluations: A Meta- Analysis. The Economic Journal, 120, F452- F477. Fresno, J.M. Y Tsolakis, A. (2010). Cohesión social e inclusión social en la Estrategia Unión Europea 2020.Documentación Social. Revista de estudios sociales y sociología aplicada, 157,31-46. Kahn, L.M. (2012). Labour market policy: a comparative view on the costs and benefits of labour market flexibility. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 31, 94-110 Lechner, M. Miquel, R. and Wunsch, C. (2007). The curse and blessing of training the unemployed in a changing economy: the case of East Germany after unification. German Economic Review, 8, 468-509.
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