23 SES 03 B, Educational Research and Policy
Parallel Paper Session
Last year at the annual conference of the ECER I presented my theoretical framework and the research design of my doctoral thesis. My research deals with the interrelation of educational research knowledge produced by educational research knowledge producing organizations and his reception in political as well as public problem-definition and decision-making processes. This paper presents first empirical findings.
This paper is embedded in the broader context of western civilization as knowledge societies and of and their need for consulting expertise in all parts of society, especially questioning the applicability and usefulness of educational knowledge. Furthermore, they lead to discussions about the changing epistemological structures in relation to their recipients (cf. Gibbons et al, 1994; Etzkowitz et.al.1998). Also, the place of knowledge production has altered (Geuna et. al, 2009). Universities are traditionally seen as places for knowledge production; hence, it can be observed, that other public and commercial research organizations are also highly recognized as experts by public, policy and the discipline itself (cf. Weingart, 2008). This shift can change the status of universities and their knowledge can be perceived as less useful. Furthermore it seems that other experts and hybrid constellations are preferred in problem-definition and decision-making processes and are supplied with an increasing financial supplement (cf. Lawn et. al, 2006; cf. Tuunainen, 2005). This leads to the situations that in public and policy educational researchers are rather uninvolved on the definition of educational problems compared to scholars of other disciplines (cf. Gogolin et. al.,2007; Agalianos, 2006).
Therefore the question arises which indicators have an influence on the choice of experts for educational issues by politics and public and the discipline itself. Or inverse: whose knowledge counts in which context.
These processes are not limited to national or disciplinary restriction. It can be observed that international organizations like the OECD produce special knowledge which exerts high influence on political decisions (cf. Normand, 2010; Grek, 2010). It seems, that an increasing demand on a particularly type of experts producing particular type of knowledge might reveal cultural changes of political and public demands and value attributions.
The research objective of this paper is to present the research design and first empirical findings. The design is embedded in selected educational topics to analyze the relation of the three levels of production, dissemination and reception of educational research knowledge. These topics are chosen by the discourses in policy, media and the discipline itself. This approach enables to identify the role of experts and expertise in the political and public space according to the following three levels of the research design:
1) the academic background of research knowledge producers in educational research knowledge-producing organizations,
2) the influence of knowledge forms and their presentation,
3) the demands and value attributions of public and policy on educational research and their conceptualization of ‘useful’ knowledge.
At this years conference I will exemplify these three levels and their interrelation in presenting my first empirical findings on one special educational issue.
- Agalianos, A. (2006): Crossing borders. The European dimension and social science research. In: Ozga, J./ Seddon, T./ Popkewitz, T. S. (eds.): World Yearbook of Education 2006. Education research and policy: steering the knowledge-based economy. London and New York: Routledge - Achatz M./Hoh, R./Kollmannsberger, M. (2009): Dokumentation von Forschungseinrichtungen. In: Tippelt, R. & Schmidt, B. (eds.): Handbuch Bildungsforschung. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, 2., überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage - Gardner, J. & Gallaher, T. (2007): Gauging the Deliverable? Educational Research in Northern Ireland. In: European Educational Research Journal, Volume 6, Number 1, 101-114 - Geuna, A. et.al (2009): The Governance of University Knowledge Transfer: A Critical Review of the Literature. Minerva, Volume 47, Number 1, 93-114 - Gibbons, M. et.al (1994): The new production of knowledge. The dynamics of science and research in contemporary societies. London: Sage - Gogolin et. al. (2007): Knowledge and Policy: research – information – intervention. EERJ, Volume 6, Number 3, 283-302 - Etzkowitz et.al. (1998): The endless transition: A ‘triple helix’ of university-industry-government relations. Minerva 36, 203-208 - Grek, S. (2010): International Organisations and the Shared Construction of Policy ‘Problems’: problematisation and change in education governance in Europe. European Educational Research Journal Volume 9 Number 3 2010, 396-406 - Lawn, M. & Furlong, J. (2007): The Social Organisation of Education Research in England. In: European Educational Research Journal, Volume 6, Number 1, 55-70 - Lawn, M.et.al.. (2006): Editorial. European Journal of Education, Vol 41, No.2: 155-167 - Normand, R. (2010): Expertise, Networks and Indicators: the construction of the European strategy in education. European Educational Research Journal, Volume 9 Number 3 2010, 407-421 - Tuunainen, Juha (2005): Hybrid practices? Contributions tot he debate on the mutation of science and university. In: Higher Education (2005) 50: 275.298 - Weingart, Peter (2008): Ökonomisierung der Wissenschaft. N. T. M. 16, 477–484
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
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Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
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Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
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Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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