02 SES 05.5 PS, General Poster Exhibition
General Poster Session during Lunch
The comprehensive, standardized, and certified training of qualified employees is a key task of the vocational training system in Switzerland. Providing an optimal match between training companies and apprentices, the requirements of the employment system as well as the interests and abilities of youths is a central task of the Swiss educational system. The young people’s choice of a vocational or professional training and education is on the one hand influenced by the characteristics of training places on offer and on the other hand by individual decisions referring career and educational ambitions. The main emphasis of the presentation is on the forming of career aspirations two years before termination of compulsory education. We are also interested in examining how the process of change from idealistic to realistic career aspirations (and therefore education opportunity) takes place and which mechanisms are of particular importance in the context of career choice. In order to explain this process we pursue the sociological framework of rational action. By distinguishing between primary and secondary effects of origin, it is assumed that the educational choice - after the compulsory education - is driven by the motive for avoiding intergenerational status decline. Furthermore, it is assumed that in regard to social origin and gender, diversity in career decisions on the aggregate level results from the interplay of both the young people’s socially distinctive cost-benefits calculation on continued education and the institutional procedures working at the branching point to more demanding secondary school tracks versus vocational training. An emphasis will be if there is a difference between autochthonous and migrant pupils in career aspiration and the perception of the educational opportunities, costs and benefits of the different educational opportunities.
Beck, Michael, Franziska Jäpel and Rolf Becker, 2010: Determinanten des Bildungserfolgs von Migranten im Schweizer Bildungssystem. pp. 313-337 in: Gudrun Quenzel and Klaus Hurrelmann (eds.), Bildungsverlierer - Neue Ungleichheiten. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. Becker, Rolf, and Anna Etta Hecken, 2009: Higher Education or Vocational Training? An Empirical Test of the Rational Action Model of Educational Choices Suggested by Breen and Goldthorpe (1997) and Esser (1999). Acta Sociologica 52: 25-45. Becker, Rolf, and Anna Etta Hecken, 2009: Why are working-class children diverted from universities? European Sociological Review 25: 233-250. Boudon, Raymond, 1974: Education, opportunity, and social inequality: changing prospects in western society. New York: John Wiley. Breen, Richard, and John H. Goldthorpe, 1997: Explaining Educational Differentials. Towards A Formal Rational Action Theory. Rationality and Society 9: 275-305.
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