04 SES 01 B, Cultural Diversity and Inclusive Education
Parallel Paper Session
This paper presents some results of a school year long fieldwork in a sample of 30 primary school playgrounds in Catalonia developed during the 2007-08 academic year. Given the physical diversity, socioeconomic and educational presence in our territory the overall objective was to identify and analyze practices and the conceptualization of the educational community about the uses, spaces, activities and playground time in schools.
We present a detailed analysis of the effects on discrimination processes of social class, the presence of immigrant population, gender and age occurring in the playgrounds of this sample of schools. Discrimination processes that are evidenced by analyzing the play activities of boys and girls, in their perceptions of the meaning of recess time, in their particular uses and as well as, interventions that teachers develop during these times of recess.
We used quantitative and qualitative techniques, taking into account the diversity present in the territory defined by the following variables: population, ownership of schools, cultural and economic diversity, and size of schools.
On the one hand, we proceeded to the implementation of a survey instrument to students in grade 4, and secondly, we developed interviews with members of the management teams of schools and we implemented an observation protocol in school playgrounds’.
The sample was compiled from a number of independent variables that determine differences in the results obtained in the playgrounds, and therefore help us in selecting the schools that formed the convenience sample variability, seeking the maximum possible diversity of situations in our schools.
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