09 SES 11 C, Assessment Policies and Evaluation Instruments
Parallel Paper Session
This paper presents a cases study focused on the management networks of municipal sustainability in Europe. We present a partial selection of recent initiatives that have stimulated the constitution of pro-environmental networks in the European municipal environment.
We perform a generic revision of regulations that maintain an fund such networks to identify the achievements by means of evidences exposed by the research and the systematic evaluation of shared indicators.
The establishment of European networks should build discussion and reflection spaces as well as communication and education lines that allow proposals of change and improvement of local reality. After the 1992 Río Summit, we can highlight different events and actuations such as the V and VI European Program of Environmental Action (1993 and 2002), or the I, II, III, IV and V European Conference of Sustainable Cities (1994, 1996, 2000, 2004 and 2007) that turn around the improvement of socio environmental quality at European level to achieve sustainable development.
Setting common action guidelines is the key to defining intervention strategies that favor the consolidation of local sustainability networks. Among the objectives of this intervention framework, we should include the promotion of educational processes and the consolidation of platforms of citizen participation oriented to municipal decision making.
The objectives of this research are as follows: carrying out a cases study; validating a system of categories from the analysis of content of studied cases; identifying the network typologies attending to the considered categories; establishing a triple triangulation system (sources, instruments and contexts) that favors the establishment of quality criteria and indicators for the creation of pro-environmental networks and participative municipal management.
Starting from the aforementioned objectives, the following research questions arise: What is the predominant management model of studied networks? Do they establish any autonomous or private or public funding sources? What participation process do they develop? Do they establish systems of indicators that guarantee the quality of the networks? In what kind of actuation environments are the networks developed? Who integrate the driving force group of these networks?
Finally, we demand a more intense common effort in favor of construction of instruments, a well-founded criteria and tracking indicators of the network work in municipalities, taking as an example various work network cases that have been applied in Europe in the past decade.
Agencia Europea De Medio Ambiente (2000). Environmental signals 2000: European Environment Agency regular indicator report. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of European Communities. Alberich Nistal, T. (2004). Guía Fácil de la participación ciudadana. Manual de gestión para el fomento de la participación ciudadana en ayuntamientos y asociaciones. Blanco, I. y Gomá R. (COORDS) (2002). Gobiernos locales y redes participativas. Barcelona: Ariel. Evans, B., Joas, Sundback, S., & Theobald, k. (2006). Governing local sustainability, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 49(6), pp. 849-867. Fraser, E., Dougill, A., Mabee, W., Reed, M. & MacAlpine, P. (2006). Bottom-up or Top-down: analysis of participatory processes for sustainable indicator identification as a pathway to community empowerment and sustainable environmental management, Journal of Environmental Management 78 (2) 114-127. Hernández Aja, A. (2003). Informe sobre los indicadores locales de sostenibilidad utilizados por los municipios españoles firmantes de la Carta de Aalborg. Madrid: Ministerio de Fomento. Gutiérrez Perez, J. & Poza, F. (2012). Action Research & Local Agenda 21: Setting up participatory municipal environmental plan in a cluster of rural villages. The International Journal Of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences (awaiting publication). Hewitt, N. (1998). Guía europea para la planificación de las Agendas 21 Locales. ICLEI. País Vasco: Bakeaz. Poza Vilches, M.F y Gutiérrez Pérez, J. (2008). Modelo de investigación-acción participativa en la gestión sostenible de municipios rurales: las agendas 21 locales como estrategia para la educación ambiental. Praksis- Revista Do Ichla. Año 5. Vol. 1, Nº 2, pp. 51 – 60. Rodríguez Sabiote, C., Pozo Llorente, T., Gutiérrez Pérez, J. (2006). La triangulación analítica como recurso para la validación de estudios de encuesta recurrentes e investigaciones de réplica en Educación Superior. Relieve, v. 12, n. 2. Schuschny, A. y Soto H. (2009). Guía metodológica. Diseño de indicadores compuestos de desarrollo sostenible. Santiago de Chile: Naciones Unidas LC/W.255
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