09 SES 02 B, School Monitoring and School Improvement in Different National Settings
Parallel Paper Session
All children have the right to the best available education and to grow up in a supporting school environment. School effectiveness can be viewed in terms of academic performance but other aspects of the school experience are important for overall school quality. Today assessment and evaluation are becoming important for accountability and quality control in increasingly widespread activities in education throughout the world. The focus of such assessments can greatly impact emphasis in interventions and policy as well as budget allocations and choices in daily activities within schools. The validity and reliability of methods for internal and external evaluations is critical for cost allocations and success in improving school experience and outcome for students.
The paper introduces an evaluation procedure for primary and secondary schools, developed in Iceland for the past 5 years for comprehensive evaluation of non-academic outcomes. It is meant to help school authorities evaluate the efficiency of their schools and continuously monitor progress and also provide educational district authorities reliable ways to emphasize school accountability.
The approach has three web-based survey systems. Three major stakeholders, students, parents and teachers, provide information to school authorities who have access to regularily updated results on month-to-month basis. Information is provided on different aspects of student engagement, wellbeing and school climate; parent engagement in the school, participation in the studies and attitudes towards the school; as well as teachers‘ attitudes to the school, teaching practices and professional development.
Results are compared to previous months in the school and a national average to give indications of change within the school through time and the comparative status of the school. Surveys contain separate psychometric scales with each scale comprising 3-9 questions and individual questions with both forced choice and open responses. Many of the questions have been developed as part of international research in PISA (OECD, 2006), IEA´s PIRLS (IEA, 2012) and TALIS (OECD, 2011) and also other research projects both national and international.
Concerns about applicability and relevance of content, assessment quality and statistical properties are addressed, as well as the issue of continuous and comparative evaluations in basic schools and how longitudinal and cross-sectional evaluations can be used for evidence based school improvement. The merits of the above approach are dicussed in relations to fundamental issues for theoretical developments in school evaluation and compared to current trends in outcome measures and educational effectiveness.
OECD (2009). Creating Effective Teaching and Learning Environments: First Results From TALIS. Paris: OECD. OECD (2011). OECD PISA online Retrieved 13 June, 2011, from http://www.pisa.oecd.org IEA (2012). TIMSS and PIRLS online Retrieved 30 January, 2012, from http://timss.bc.edu/
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
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Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
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Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
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Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
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